List of RS Clinicals

For those of you who are data-driven, this page lists of clinical (human) studies with unmodified resistant starch (type RS1, RS2, RS3). For explanations on the demonstrated benefits, see the health benefits page.

  1. Abell G. C. J., C. M.  Cooke, C. N. Bennett, M. A. Conlon, A. L. McOrist. “Phylotypes related to Ruminococcus bromii are abundant in the large bowel of humans and increase in response to a diet high in resistant starchFEMS Microbiol Ecol 66, no. 3 (2008): 505-15.
  2. Ahmed, R., I. Segal, H. Hassan. “Fermentation of dietary starch in humans.” Am J Gastroenterol, 95, no. 4 (2000): 1017-1020.
  3. Adyarini DD, Sinorita H, IKhsan MR. “The effect of providing food made from resistant starch fiber (Dioscorea Esculenta, Maranta Arundinaceae L, Cucurbita Moschata, Manihot Utilissma) on the improvement of glycated albumin in type 2 diabetes mellitu patients at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital.Acta Interna The Journal of Internal Medicine. 9, no. 1 (2019):1-7.
  4. Alam, N. H., S. Islam, S. Sattar, S. Monira and J. F. Desjeux. “Safety of Rapid Intravenous Rehydration and Comparative Efficacy of 3 Oral Rehydration Solutions in the Treatment of Severely Malnourished Children with Dehydrating Cholera.” J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 48, no. 3 (2009): 318-27.
  5. Alfa M. J., D. Strang, P. S. Tappia, M. Graham, G. Van Dormselaar, J. D. Forbes, V. Laminman, N. Olson, P. DeGagne, D. Bray, B-L. Murray, B. Dufault, L. M. Lix. “A randomized trial to determine the impact of a digestion resistant starch composition on the gut microbiome in older and mid-age adultsClin Nutr Epub 30 Mar 2017.
  6. Al-Mana, N.M., M.D. Robertson “The impact of body mass index status on appetite responses and food intake following acute consumption of resistant starchProceedings of the Nutrition Society 77, no. OCE2 (2018): E36.
  7. Alles, M. S., M. B. Katan, J. M. Salemans, K. M. Van Laere, M. J. Gerichhausen, M. J. Rozendaal and F. M. Nagengast. “Bacterial Fermentation of Fructooligosaccharides and Resistant Starch in Patients with an Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis.” Am J Clin Nutr 66, no. 5 (1997): 1286-92.
  8. Álvarez-Acosta, T., C. León, S. Acosta-González, H. Parra-Soto, I. Cluet-Rodriguez, M. Rosario Rossell, J. A. Colina-Chourio., “Beneficial Role of Green Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) in the management of Persistent Diarrhea: A Prospective Randomized TrialJ Am Coll Nutr 28, No. 2 (2009):169-176.
  9. Anderson, G. H., N. L. Catherine, D. M. Woodend and T. M. Wolever. “Inverse Association between the Effect of Carbohydrates on Blood Glucose and Subsequent Short-Term Food Intake in Young Men.” Am J Clin Nutr 76, no. 5 (2002): 1023-30.
  10. Anderson, G. H., C. E. Cho, T. Akhavan, R. C. Mollard, B. L. Luhovyy and E. T. Finocchiaro. “Relation between Estimates of Cornstarch Digestibility by the Englyst in Vitro Method and Glycemic Response, Subjective Appetite, and Short-Term Food Intake in Young Men.” Am J Clin Nutr 91, no. 4 (2010): 932-9.
  11. Aoe S., F. Nakamura, S. Fujiwara. “Effect of wheat bran on fecal butyrate-producing bacteria and wheat bran combined with barley on Bacteroides abundance in Japanese healthy adultsNutrients 10, no 12 (2018): 1980.
  12. Aryana, K, F Greenway, N Dhurandhar, R Tulley, J Finley, M. Keenan, R Martin, C Pelkman, D Olson and J Zheng.  “A Resistant-Starch Enriched Yogurt: Fermentability, Sensory Characteristics, and a Pilot Study in Children” F1000 Research 2015, 4:139.
  13. Balamurugan, R., S. Pugazhendhi, G.M. Balachander, T. Dharmalingam, E.K. Mortimer, G.L. Gopalsamy, R.J. Woodman, R. Meng, D.H. Alpers, M. Manary, H.J. Binder, I.L. Brown, G.P. Young, B. S. Ramakrishna. “Effect of native and acetylated dietary resistant starches on intestinal fermentative capacity of normal and stunted children in southern IndiaInt J Environ Res Public Health (2019) 16:3922.
  14. Baxter, N.T., A.W. Schmidt, A. Venkataraman, K.W. Kim, C. Waldron, T.M. Schmidt. “Dynamics of human gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids in response to dietary interventions with three fermentable fibersmBio 10, no. 1 (2019), e02566-18.
  15. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield and J. Canary. “Effect of Starch Structure on Glucose and Insulin Responses in Adults.” Am J Clin Nutr 47, no. 3 (1988): 428-32.
  16. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield, I. Yuhaniak and J. Canary. “Diets Containing High Amylose Vs Amylopectin Starch: Effects on Metabolic Variables in Human Subjects.” Am J Clin Nutr 49, no. 2 (1989): 337-44.
  17. Behall, K. M. and J. C. Howe. “Effect of Long-Term Consumption of Amylose Vs Amylopectin Starch on Metabolic Variables in Human Subjects.” Am J Clin Nutr 61, no. 2 (1995): 334-40.
  18. Behall, K. M. and J. Hallfrisch. “Plasma Glucose and Insulin Reduction after Consumption of Breads Varying in Amylose Content.” Eur J Clin Nutr 56, no. 9 (2002): 913-20.
  19. Behall, K. M., J. C. Howe and R. A. Anderson. “Apparent Mineral Retention Is Similar in Control and Hyperinsulinemic Men after Consumption of High Amylose Cornstarch.” J Nutr 132, no. 7 (2002): 1886-91.
  20. Behall, K. M. and D. J. Scholfield. “Food Amylose Content Affects Postprandial Glucose and Insulin Responses.” Cereal Chemistry Journal 82, no. 6 (2005): 654-659.
  21. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield and J. Hallfrisch. “Whole-Grain Diets Reduce Blood Pressure in Mildly Hypercholesterolemic Men and Women.” J Am Diet Assoc 106, no. 9 (2006): 1445-9.
  22. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield and J. G. Hallfrisch. “Barley Β-Glucan Reduces Plasma Glucose and Insulin Responses Compared with Resistant Starch in Men.” Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.) 26, no. 12 (2006): 644-650.
  23. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield, J. G. Hallfrisch and H. G. Liljeberg-Elmstahl. “Consumption of Both Resistant Starch and Beta-Glucan Improves Postprandial Plasma Glucose and Insulin in Women.” Diabetes Care 29, no. 5 (2006): 976-81.
  24. Bergeron, N., P. T. Williams, R. Lamendella, N. Faghihnia, A. Grube, X. Li, Z. Wang, R. Knight, J. K. Jansson, S. L. Hazen, R. M. Krauss. “Diets high in resistant starch increase plasma levels of trimethylamine-N-oxide, a gut microbiome metabolite associated with CVD riskBritish Journal of Nutrition. 116, no. 12 (2016): 2020-2016.
  25. Birkett, A., J. Muir, J. Phillips, G. Jones and K. O’Dea. “Resistant Starch Lowers Fecal Concentrations of Ammonia and Phenols in Humans.” Am J Clin Nutr 63, no. 5 (1996): 766-72.
  26. Ble-Castillo JL, Aparicio Trapala MA, Gomez Vazquez A, Rodriguez Hernandez A, Mendez JD, Juarez Rojop IE, Aguilar Mariscal H, Ramon Frias T, Diaz Zagoya JC. “Potential beneficial effects of native banana starch on glycemia and insulin resistance in obese nondiabetic women” Interciencia 37, no. 6 (2012): 470-476.
  27. Ble-Castillo, J. L., M. A. Aparicio-Trapala, M. U. Francisco-Luria, R. Cordova-Uscanga, A. Rodriguez-Hernandez, J. D. Mendez, J. C. Diaz-Zagoya. “Effects of Native Banana Starch Supplementation on Body Weight and Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Type 2 Diabetics” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 5 (2010): 1953-1962.
  28. Ble-Castillo, J. L., I. E. Juarez-Rojop, C. A. Tovilla-Zarate, C. Garcia-Vazquez, M. Z. Servin-Cruz, A. Rodriguez-Hernandez, C. I. Araiza-Saldana, A.M. Nolasco-Coleman, J. C. Diaz-Zagroya. “Acute consumption of resistant starch reduces food intake but has no effect on appetite ratings in healthy subjectsNutrients 9 (2017):696.
  29. Bodinham, C. L., G. S. Frost and M. D. Robertson. “Acute Ingestion of Resistant Starch Reduces Food Intake in Healthy Adults.” Br J Nutr 103, no. 6 (2010): 917-22.
  30. Bodinham,  C. L., L. Smith, J. Wright, G. S. Frost, M. D. Robertson “Dietary Fibre Improves First-phase Insulin Secretion in Overweight IndividualsPLoS One 7, no. 7 (2012): e40834.
  31. Bodinham, C. L., N. M. Al-Mana, L. Smith and M. D. Robertson. “Endogenous Plasma Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Following Acute Dietary Fibre Consumption.” Br J Nutr 110, no. 8 (2013): 1429-33.
  32. Bodinham, C. L., L. Smith, E. L. Thomas, J. D. Bell, J. R. Swann, A. Costabile, D. Russell-Jones, A. M. Umpleby and M. D. Robertson. “Efficacy of Increased Resistant Starch Consumption in Human Type 2 Diabetes.” Endocr Connect 3, no. 2 (2014): 75-84.
  33. Boll, E. V. J., L. M. N. K. Ekstrom, C. M. Courtin, J. A. Delcour, A. C. Nilsson, I. M. E. Bjorck, E. M. Ostman. “Effects of wheat bran extract rich in arabinoxylan oligosaccharides and resistant starch on overnight glucose tolerance and markers of gut fermentation in healthy young adults.” Eur J Nutr. 44, no. 4 (2016): 1661-1670.
  34. Botham, R. L., V. J. Morris, T. R. Noel, S. G. Ring. “A study on the in vivo digestibility of retrograded starch.” Carbohydrate Polymers. 29 (1996): 347-352.
  35. Bouhnik, Y., L. Raskine, G. Simoneau, E. Vicaut, C. Neut, B. Flourie, F. Brouns, F. R. Bornet. “The capacity of nondigestible carbohydrates to stimulate fecal bifidobacteria in healthy humans: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, dose-response relation studyAm J Clin Nutr 80, no. 6 (2004): 1658-1664.
  36. Brighenti, F., L. Benini, D. Del Rio, C. Casiraghi, N. Pellegrini, F. Scazzina, D. J. Jenkins and I. Vantini. “Colonic Fermentation of Indigestible Carbohydrates Contributes to the Second-Meal Effect.” Am J Clin Nutr 83, no. 4 (2006): 817-22.
  37. Brouns, Fred, Eva Arrigoni, Anna Maria Langkilde, Inge Verkooijen, Caroline Fässler, Henrik Andersson, Bernd Kettlitz, Michiel van Nieuwenhoven, Henriette Philipsson and Renato Amadò. “Physiological and Metabolic Properties of a Digestion-Resistant Maltodextrin, Classified as Type 3 Retrograded Resistant Starch.” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 55, no. 4 (2007): 1574-1581.
  38. Brown, I. L., K. J. McNaught and E. Moloney. “Hi-Maize: New Directions in Starch Technology and Nutrition.” Food Australia 47, no. 6 (1995): 272-275.
  39. Burn, J., D. T. Bishop, J. P. Mecklin, F. Macrae, G. Moslein, S. Olschwang, M. L. Bisgaard, R. Ramesar, D. Eccles, E. R. Maher, L. Bertario, H. J. Jarvinen, A. Lindblom, D. G. Evans, J. Lubinski, P. J. Morrison, J. W. Ho, H. F. Vasen, L. Side, H. J. Thomas, R. J. Scott, M. Dunlop, G. Barker, F. Elliott, J. R. Jass, R. Fodde, H. T. Lynch, J. C. Mathers and CAPP Investigators. “Effect of Aspirin or Resistant Starch on Colorectal Neoplasia in the Lynch Syndrome.” N Engl J Med 359, no. 24 (2008): 2567-78.
  40. Burn, J., D. T. Bishop, P. D. Chapman, F. Elliott, L. Bertario, M. G. Dunlop, D. Eccles, A. Ellis, D. G. Evans, R. Fodde, E. R. Maher, G. Moslein, H. F. Vasen, J. Coaker, R. K. Phillips, S. Bulow, J. C. Mathers and Capp consortium International. “A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Prevention Trial of Aspirin and/or Resistant Starch in Young People with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis.” Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 4, no. 5 (2011): 655-65.
  41. Bush, J.R., Alfa M.J. “Decreasing levels of sporacetigenium correlate with improved diabetic parameters in healthy adults consuming MSPrebiotic(R) digestion resistant starchThe Journal of Aging Research & Clinical Practice 7 (2018):176-180.
  42. Cairns, P., V.J. Morris, R.L. Botham, S.G. Ring. “Physicochemical studies on resistant starch in vitro and in vivo.” J Cereal Sci. 1996; 265-275.
  43. Cândido, FG, Ton, WTS, Alfenas RCG “Addition of dietary fiber sources to shakes reduces postprandial glycemia and alters food intakeNutricion Hospitalaria 2015; 31(1):299-306.
  44. Cappellari, Fernanda Toaldo. “Desenvolvimento de uma panqueca com biomassa de banana verde e seu efeito agudo em sinais subjetivos de fome e saciedade” 2019 Masters thesis, Universidade do Vale do Rios dos Sinos.  (Thesis is in Portuguese.)
  45. Cassettari VM, Machado NC, Louren ̧cão PL, Carvalho MA, Ortolan EV. “Combinations of laxatives and green banana biomass on the treatment of functional constipation in children and adolescents: a randomized study”. J Pediatr (Rio J). 95, no. 1(2019): 27-33.
  46. Champ, M.M.J., C. Molis, B. Flourie, F. Bornet, P. Pellier, P. Colonna, J-P. Galmiche, J-C Rambaud. “Small-intestinal digestion of partially resistant cornstarch in healthy subjectsAm J Clin Nutr 68 (1998): 705-710.
  47. Chan, Y-T., S. Aufreiter, S.J. O’Keefe, D.L. O’Connor. “Switching to a fibre-rich and low-fat diet increaes colonic folate contents among African AmericansApplied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, Epub 11 Jul 2018.
  48. Chen, Y.-T., M. Cornblath, J. B. Sidbury. “Cornstarch therapy in Type 1 Glycogen-Storage Disease“, New Engl J Med 310, No. 3(1984):171-175.
  49. Chrystl SU, Murgatroyd PR, Gibson GR, Cummings JH. “Production, metabolism and excretion of hydrogen in the large intestineGastroenterology 102, No. 4 (1992): 1269-1277.
  50. Clarke JM, Topping DL, Christophersen CT, Bird AR, Lange K, Saunders I, Cobiac L. “Butyrate esterified to starch is released in the human gastrointestinal tractAm J Clin Nutr 94, no. 5 (2011):1276-1283.
  51. Cloetens, L., V. De Preter, H. De Loor, P. Rutgeerts and K. Verbeke. “Does the Biomarker 15n-Lactose Ureide Allow to Estimate the Site of Fermentation of Resistant Starch?Eur J Nutr 47, no. 4 (2008): 217-223.
  52. Corrado M, Murillo AC, Chambers ES, Wood AJ, Plummer A, Lovegrove A, Edwards C, Frost G, Hazard BA. Effect of semolina pudding prepared from starch branching enzyme II a and b mutant wheat on glycaemic response in vitro and in vivo: a randomised controlled pilot study. Food Funct. 2020. Epub 13 Dec 2019.
  53. Costa ES, Franca CN, Fonseca FAH, Kato JT, Bianco HT, Freitas TT, Fonseca HAR, Neto AMF, Izar MC. Beneficial effects of green banana biomass consumption in patients with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Br J Nutr. Epub ahead of print 19 Mar 2019.
  54. Cummings, J. H., E. R. Beatty, S. M. Kingman, S. A. Bingham and H. N. Englyst. “Digestion and Physiological Properties of Resistant Starch in the Human Large Bowel.” Br J Nutr 75, no. 5 (1996): 733-47.
  55. Dahl, W. J., A. Radford and B. Langkamp-Henken. “Effects of Resistant Potato Starches on Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Function.” In Annual meeting of the American Dietetic Association, 112, A-46: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 2012.
  56. Dainty, Sarah A.,Shannon L. Klingel, Stephanie E. Pilkey, Evan McDonald, Bruce McKeown, Michael J. Emes, Alison M. Duncan. “Resistant Starch Bagels Reduce Fasting and Postprandial Insulin in Adults at Risk of Type 2 Diabetes” The Journal of Nutrition. 146, no. 11 (2016): 2252-2259. See also Dainty, S. A., “The Effect of Resistant Starch Bagels on Glycemic Response in Adults at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes”  Masters of Science thesis, The University of Guelph, Canada, 2015-05-04.
  57. Das, Sai Krupa, Susan Roberts, Edward Saltzman, Jennelle Yopchick, Stephanie Power, Sarbattama Sen, Nina Lowery, Errol Norwitz and Lorien Urban. “Effect of a Behavioral Intervention with Cereal Fiber or Resistant Starch on Gestational Weight Gain: A Randomized Clinical Trial.” The FASEB Journal 29, no. 1 Supplement (2015).
  58. De Preter, V., L. Cloetens, P. Rutgeerts and K. Verbeke. “Influence of Resistant Starch Alone or Combined with Wheat Bran on Gastric Emptying and Protein Digestion in Healthy Volunteers.” Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 42, no. 10 (2007): 1187-1193.
  59. de Roos, N., M. L. Heijnen, C. de Graaf, G. Woestenenk and E. Hobbel. “Resistant Starch Has Little Effect on Appetite, Food Intake and Insulin Secretion of Healthy Young Men.” Eur J Clin Nutr 49, no. 7 (1995): 532-41.
  60. Dodevska, Margarita S, Sladjana S Sobajic, Predrag B Djordjevic, Vesna S Dimitrijevic-Sreckovic, Vesna V Spasojevic-Kalimanovska and Brizita I Djordjevic. “Effects of Total Fibre or Resistant Starch-Rich Diets within Lifestyle Intervention in Obese Prediabetic Adults.” European Journal of Nutrition, (2015): 1-11.
  61. Dronamraju, S. S., J. M. Coxhead, S. B. Kelly, J. Burn and J. C. Mathers. “Cell Kinetics and Gene Expression Changes in Colorectal Cancer Patients Given Resistant Starch: A Randomised Controlled Trial.” Gut 58, no. 3 (2009): 413-20.
  62. Emery, E. A., S. Ahmad, J. D. Koethe, A. Skipper, S. Perlmutter, D. L. Paskin. “Banana flakes control diarrhea in enterally fed patientsNutr Clin Pract. 12, no. 2 (1997) 72-75.
  63. Emilien, C.H., W.H. Hsu, J. H. Hollis, “Effect of resistant wheat starch on subjective appetite and food intake in healthy adultsNutrition 43-44 (2017): 69-74.
  64. Englyst H. N., J. H. Cummings. “Digestion of the carbohydrates of banana (Musa paradisiaca sapientum) in the human small intestine).” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 44, No. 1 (1986): 42-50.
  65. Englyst H. N., S. M. Kingman, G. J. Hudson, J. H. Cummings, “Measurement of resistant starch in vitro and in vivo Br J Nutr 75, No. 5 (1996): 749-55.
  66. Esgalhado M., J.A. Kemp, R. Azevedo, B.R. Paiva, M. B. Stockler-Pinto, C.J. Dolenga, N.A. Borges, L.S. Nakao, D. Mafra “Could resistant starch supplementation improve inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers and uremic toxins levels in hemodialysis patients? A pilot randomized controlled trialFood & Function Advance Article published 16 Nov 2018.
  67. Eshghi, F., F. Bakhshimoghaddeam, Y. Rasmi, M. Alizadeh. “Effects of resistant starch supplementation on glucose metabolism, lipid profile, lipid peroxidation marker, and oxidative stress in overweight and obese adults: randomized, double-blind, crossover trialClin Nutr Res 8, no. 4 (2019): 318-328.
  68. Fadlilah, S. H., Sunarti, A. Farmawati “Effect of rich resistant starch snack on MCP-1 promoter methylation and triglycerides levels in Type 2 Diabetes MellitusJournal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) 50, no. 2 (2018): 230-238.
  69. Faisant, N., M. Champ, P. Colonna, A. Buleon “Structural discrepancies in resistant starch obtained in vivo in humans and in vitro.Carbohydrate Polymers. 21, No. 2-3 (1993): 205-209.
  70. Faisant, N., D. J. Gallant, B. Bouchet, M. Champ. “Banana starch breakdown in the human small intestine studied by electron microscopyEur J Clin Nutr 49, No. 2 (1995): 98-104.
  71. Faisant N., A. Buleon, P. Colonna, C. Molis, S. Lartigue, J. P. Galmiche, M. Champ. “Digestion of raw banana starch in the small intestine of healthy humans: structural features of resistant starchBritish Journal of Nutrition 73, No. 1 (1995): 111-123.
  72. Fernandes G, A. Velangi, T.M.S. Wolever. ‘Glycemic index of potatoes commonly consumed in North America.J Am Diet Assoc. 105 (2005): 557-562.
  73. Flowers S.A., N.T. Baxter, K.M. Ward, A.Z. Kraal, M.G. McInnis, T.M. Schmidt, V.L. Ellingrod “Effects of atypical antipsychotic treatment and resistant starch supplementation on gut microbiome composition in a cohort of patients with bipolar disorder or schizophreniaPharmacotherapy Epub 8 Jan 2019.
  74. Galvao Candido, F., W. T. Silva Ton, R.C. Goncalves Alfenas. “Addition of dietary fiber sources to shakes reduces postprandial glycemia and alters food intakeNutr Hosp 31, No. 1 (2014): 299-306.
  75. Garcia-Vazquez, C., J.L. Ble-Castillo, Y. Arias-Cordova, R. Cordova-Uscanga, C.A. Tovilla-Zarate, I.E. Juarez-Rojop, V. Olvera-Hernandez, C.S. Alvarez-Villagomez, A.M. Nolasco-Coleman, J.C. Diaz-Zagoya. “Effects of resistant starch ingestion on postprandial lipemia and subjective appeetite in overweight or obese subjectsInt J Environ Res Public Health (2019) 16:3827.
  76. Genoni, A., J. Lo, P. Lyons-Wall, M. C. Boyce. “A Paleolithic diet lowers resistant starch intake but does not affect serum trimethylamine-N-oxide concentrations in healthy womenBr J Nutr (2018) 1-14, Doi: 10.1017/S000711451800329X.
  77. Giacco, R., G. Clemente, F. Brighenti, M. Mancini, A. D’Avanzo, S. Coppola, G. Ruffa, G. LaSorella, A. M. Rivieccio, A. A. Rivellese and G. Riccardi. “Metabolic Effects of Resistant Starch in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.” Diabetes, Nutrition & Metabolism 11, no. 6 (1998): 330-335.
  78. Giles, E.D., I. L. Brown, P. S. MacLean, Z. Pan, E. L. Melanson, K. J. Heard, M-C. Cornier, T. Marden, J. A. Higgins. “The in vivo net energy content of resistant starch and its effect on  macronutrient oxidation in healthy adultsNutrients 11 (2019): 2484.
  79. Giuntini, E. G., F. A. H. Sarda, M. C. Y. Lui, C. C. Tadini, F. M. Lajolo, E. W. Menezes. “Gastrointestinal hormone modulation after a double-blind interventional study with unavailable carbohydratesFood Research International 77, no. 1 Special Issue (2015): 17-23.
  80. Gonçalves, G. V, W.B Iserhard, B. B. Thomé, R. Canova, R. Frandoloso, L.C. Kreutz, F. Fornari. (2017) “Dietary fiber and water improve bowel function and fecal microbiota in healthy subjects: a randomized clinical trialGastroenterology 152(5):S754. Doi: 10.1016/S0016-5085(17)32618-5. Fibers included green banana flour, wheat bran and pectin.
  81. Goodpaster, B. H., D.L. Costill, W.J. Fink, T.A. Trappe, A.C. Jozsi, R.D. Starling, S.W. Trappe. “The effects of pre-exercise starch ingestion on endurance performanceInt J Sports Med 17, (1996): 366-372.
  82. Gower, B. A., R. Bergman, D. Stefanovski, B. Darnell, F. Ovalle, G. Fisher, S. K. Sweatt, H. S. Resuehr, C. Pelkman, “Baseline insulin sensitivity affects response to high-amylose maize resistant starch in women: a randomized, controlled trial.” Nutr Metab (Lond), 13, no. 1 (2016). Doi: 10.1186/s12986-016-0062-5.
  83. Granfeldt, Y., A. Drews and I. Bjorck. “Arepas Made from High Amylose Corn Flour Produce Favorably Low Glucose and Insulin Responses in Healthy Humans.” J Nutr 125, no. 3 (1995): 459-65.
  84. Grubben, M. J., C. C. van den Braak, M. Essenberg, M. Olthof, A. Tangerman, M. B. Katan and F. M. Nagengast. “Effect of Resistant Starch on Potential Biomarkers for Colonic Cancer Risk in Patients with Colonic Adenomas: A Controlled Trial.” Dig Dis Sci 46, no. 4 (2001): 750-6.
  85. Gumbrevicius, I. “Unripe banana flour effect on bowel function of diabetic, constipated with chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment”   University of Sao Paulo Masters Thesis, Elizabete Wenzel de Menezes Advisor. Nov 2016.
  86. Hald, S., A. G. Schioldan, M. E. Moore, A. Dige, H. N. Laerke, J. Agnholt, K. E. Bach Knudsen, K. Hermansen, M. L. Marco, S. Gregersen, J. F. Dahlerup, “Effects of arabinoxylan and resistant starch on intestinal microbiota and short-chain fatty acids in subjects with metabolic syndrome: a randomised crossover study” PLoS ONE 22, No. 7 (2016): e0159223.
  87. Hallström E, Sestili F, Lafiandra D, Björck I, Östman E. “A novel wheat variety with elevated content of amylose increases resistant starch formation and may beneficially influence glycaemia in healthy subjectsFood Nutr Res. 55 (2011) :10.3402/fnr.v55i0.7074.
  88. Hamilton, K., T. Crowe, A. Testro. “High amylase resistant starch to decrease stool output in people with short bowel syndrome: A pilot trialClinical Nutrition ESPEN (2018).
  89. Hamilton, K, T. Crowe, B. Chapman, P. DeCruz, A. Testro. “The addition of high amylase resistant starch to reduce stool output in patients with short bowel syndromeTransplantation 101, Issue 6S2 (2017): S76.
  90. Harrold, J., L. Breslin, J, Walsh, J, Halford and C. Pelkman. “Satiety Effects of a Whole-Grain Fibre Composite Ingredient: Reduced Food Intake and Appetite Ratings.” Food & Function, (2014)
  91. Haub, M. D, K. L. Hubach, E. K. Al-tamimi, S. Ornelas and P. A. Seib. “Different Types of Resistant Starch Elicit Different Glucose Reponses in Humans.” Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism 2010, (2010): Article ID 230501.
  92. Haugabrooks, E., Y. Ai, JL Jane and S. Hendrich. “High Amylose and Stearic Acid-Modified Resistant Starch: Human Post-Prandial Gut Fermentation and Blood Glucose Response.” In FASEB, 27, 125.8: The FASEB Journal, 2013.
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