Chronological List of RS Clinicals

For those of you who are data-driven, this page lists of clinical (human) studies with unmodified resistant starch (type RS1, RS2, RS3), organized by date of publication. For explanations on the demonstrated benefits, see the health benefits page.

  1. Chen, Y.-T., M. Cornblath, J. B. Sidbury. Cornstarch therapy in Type 1 Glycogen-Storage Disease. New Engl J Med. 310, no. 3 (1984):171-175.
  2. Englyst, H.N., J.H. Cummings. Digestion of the polysaccharides of some cereal foods in the human small intestine. Am J Clin Nutr. 42, no. 5 (1985): 778-87.
  3. Englyst H. N., J. H. Cummings. Digestion of the carbohydrates of banana (Musa paradisiaca sapientum) in the human small intestine). Am J Clin Nutr. 44, no. 1 (1986): 42-50.
  4. Krezowski, P. A., F. Q. Nuttall, M. C. Gannon, C. J. Billington and S. Parker. Insulin and Glucose Responses to Various Starch-Containing Foods in Type II Diabetic Subjects. Diabetes Care. 10, no. 2 (1987): 205-12.
  5. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield and J. Canary. Effect of Starch Structure on Glucose and Insulin Responses in Adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 47, no. 3 (1988): 428-32.
  6. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield, I. Yuhaniak and J. Canary. Diets Containing High Amylose Vs Amylopectin Starch: Effects on Metabolic Variables in Human Subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 49, no. 2 (1989): 337-44.
  7. Reiser S., A.S. Powell, D.J. Scholfield, P. Panda, M. Fields, J.J. Canary. Day-long glucose, insulin, and fructose responses of hyperinsulinemic and nonhyperinsulinemic men adapted to diets containing either fructose or high-amylose cornstarch. Am J Clin Nutr. 50, no. 5 (1989): 1008-1014.
  8. Tomlin, J. and N. W. Read. The Effect of Resistant Starch on Colon Function in Humans. Br J Nutr. 64, no. 2 (1990): 589-95.
  9. Heile M, Ghoos Y, Rutgeerets P, Vantrappen G, de Buyser K. 13CO2 breath test to measure the hydrolysis of various starch formulations in healthy subjects. Gut. 31 (1990):175-178.
  10. Hermansen, K., O. Rasmussen, S. Gregersen, S. Larsen. Influence of ripeness of banana on the blood glucose and insulin response in type 2 diabetic subjects. Diabetic Medicine. 9, no. 8 (1992): 739-743.
  11. van Amelsvoort, J. M. and J. A. Weststrate. Amylose-Amylopectin Ratio in a Meal Affects Postprandial Variables in Male Volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr. 55, no. 3 (1992): 712-8.
  12. Chrystl SU, Murgatroyd PR, Gibson GR, Cummings JH. Production, metabolism and excretion of hydrogen in the large intestine. Gastroenterology. 102, no. 4 (1992): 1269-1277.
  13. Faisant, N., M. Champ, P. Colonna, A. Buleon. Structural discrepancies in resistant starch obtained in vivo in humans and in vitro. Carbohydrate Polymers. 21, no. 2-3 (1993): 205-209.
  14. Weststrate, J. A. and J. M. van Amelsvoort. Effects of the Amylose Content of Breakfast and Lunch on Postprandial Variables in Male Volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr. 58, no. 2 (1993): 180-6.
  15. Hospers, Jeannette J., Johan M. M. Van Amelsvoort and Jan A. Weststrate. Amylose-to-Amylopectin Ratio in Pastas Affects Postprandial Glucose and Insulin Responses and Satiety in Males. Journal of Food Science. 59, no. 5 (1994): 1144-1149.
  16. Olesen, M., J. J. Rumessen and E. Gudmand-Hoyer. Intestinal Transport and Fermentation of Resistant Starch Evaluated by the Hydrogen Breath Test. Eur J Clin Nutr. 48, no. 10 (1994): 692-701.
  17. Raben A., A. Tagliabue, N. J. Christensen, J. Madsen, J. J. Holst, A. Astrup. Resistant starch: the effect on postprandial glycemia, hormonal response, and satiety. Am J Clin Nutr. 60, no. 4 (1994): 544-51.
  18. van Munster, I. P., H. M. de Boer, M. C. Jansen, A. F. de Haan, M. B. Katan, J. M. van Amelsvoort and F. M. Nagengast. Effect of Resistant Starch on Breath-Hydrogen and Methane Excretion in Healthy Volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr. 59, no. 3 (1994): 626-30.
  19. van Munster, I. P., A. Tangerman and F. M. Nagengast. Effect of Resistant Starch on Colonic Fermentation, Bile Acid Metabolism, and Mucosal Proliferation. Dig Dis Sci. 39, no. 4 (1994): 834-842.
  20. Behall, K. M. and J. C. Howe. Effect of Long-Term Consumption of Amylose Vs Amylopectin Starch on Metabolic Variables in Human Subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 61, no. 2 (1995): 334-40.
  21. Brown, I. L., K. J. McNaught and E. Moloney. Hi-Maize: New Directions in Starch Technology and Nutrition. Food Australia. 47, no. 6 (1995): 272-275.
  22. de Roos, N., M. L. Heijnen, C. de Graaf, G. Woestenenk and E. Hobbel. Resistant Starch Has Little Effect on Appetite, Food Intake and Insulin Secretion of Healthy Young Men. Eur J Clin Nutr. 49, no. 7 (1995): 532-41.
  23. Faisant, N., D. J. Gallant, B. Bouchet, M. Champ. Banana starch breakdown in the human small intestine studied by electron microscopy. Eur J Clin Nutr. 49, no. 2 (1995): 98-104.
  24. Faisant N., A. Buleon, P. Colonna, C. Molis, S. Lartigue, J. P. Galmiche, M. Champ. Digestion of raw banana starch in the small intestine of healthy humans: structural features of resistant starch. Br J Nutr. 73, no. 1 (1995): 111-123.
  25. Granfeldt, Y., A. Drews and I. Bjorck. Arepas Made from High Amylose Corn Flour Produce Favorably Low Glucose and Insulin Responses in Healthy Humans. J Nutr. 125, no. 3 (1995): 459-65.
  26. Lintas C, Cappelloni M, Adorisio S, Clementi A, Del Toma E. Effect of ripening on resistant starch and total sugars in Musa paradisiaca sapientum: Glycaemic and insulinaemic responses in normal subjects and NIDDM patients. Eur J Clin Nutr. 49, Suppl 3 (1995): S303-306.
  27. Muir, J. G., A. Birkett, I. Brown, G. Jones, K. O’Dea. Food processing and maize variety affects amounts of starch escaping digestion in the small intestine. Am J Clin Nutr. 61, no. 1 (1995): 82-89.
  28. Muir, J. G., Z. X. Lu, G. P. Young, D. Cameron-Smith, G. R. Collier, K. O’Dea. Resistant starch in the diet increases breath hydrogen and serum acetate in human subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 61, no. 4 (1995): 792-9.
  29. Nordgaard, I. P. B. Mortensen, A. M. Langkilde. Small intestinal malabsorption and colonic fermentation of resistant starch and resistant peptides to short-chain fatty acids. Nutrition. 11, no. 2(1995): 129-137.
  30. Phillips J, Muir JG, Birkett A, Lu ZX, Jones GP, and O’Dea K. Effect of resistant starch on fecal bulk and fermentation-dependent events in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 62 (1995):121-30.
  31. Tagliabue, A, A. Raben, M. L. Heijnen, P. Deurenberg, E. Pasquali, A. Astrup. The effect of raw potato starch on energy expenditure and substrate oxidation. Am J Clin Nutr. 61, no. 5 (1995): 1070-5.
  32. Birkett, A., J. Muir, J. Phillips, G. Jones and K. O’Dea. Resistant Starch Lowers Fecal Concentrations of Ammonia and Phenols in Humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 63, no. 5 (1996): 766-72.
  33. Botham, R. L., V. J. Morris, T. R. Noel, S. G. Ring. A study on the in vivo digestibility of retrograded starch. Carbohydr Polym. 29 (1996): 347-352.
  34. Cairns, P., V.J. Morris, R.L. Botham, S.G. Ring. Physicochemical studies on resistant starch in vitro and in vivo. J Cereal Sci. 1996; 265-275.
  35. Cummings, J. H., E. R. Beatty, S. M. Kingman, S. A. Bingham and H. N. Englyst. Digestion and Physiological Properties of Resistant Starch in the Human Large Bowel. Br J Nutr. 75, no. 5 (1996): 733-47.
  36. Englyst H. N., S. M. Kingman, G. J. Hudson, J. H. Cummings, Measurement of resistant starch in vitro and in vivo. Br J Nutr. 75, no. 5 (1996): 749-55.
  37. Goodpaster, B. H., D.L. Costill, W.J. Fink, T.A. Trappe, A.C. Jozsi, R.D. Starling, S.W. Trappe. The effects of pre-exercise starch ingestion on endurance performance. Int J Sports Med. 17, (1996): 366-372.
  38. Heijnen, M. L., J. M. van Amelsvoort, P. Deurenberg and A. C. Beynen. Neither Raw nor Retrograded Resistant Starch Lowers Fasting Serum Cholesterol Concentrations in Healthy Normolipidemic Subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 64, no. 3 (1996): 312-8.
  39. Howe, J. C., W. V. Rumpler and K. M. Behall. Dietary Starch Composition and Level of Energy Intake Alter Nutrient Oxidation in “Carbohydrate-Sensitive” Men. J Nutr. 126, no. 9 (1996): 2120-9.
  40. Jozsi, A. C., T. A. Trappe, R. D. Starling, B. Goodpaster, S. W. Trappe, W. J. Fink, D. L. Costill. The influence of starch structure on glycogen resynthesis and subsequent cycling performance. Int. J. Sports Med. 17, no. 5 (1996): 373-378.
  41. Noakes, M., P. M. Clifton, P. J. Nestel, R. Le Leu and G. McIntosh. Effect of High-Amylose Starch and Oat Bran on Metabolic Variables and Bowel Function in Subjects with Hypertriglyceridemia. Am J Clin Nutr. 64, no. 6 (1996): 944-51.
  42. Alles, M. S., M. B. Katan, J. M. Salemans, K. M. Van Laere, M. J. Gerichhausen, M. J. Rozendaal and F. M. Nagengast. Bacterial Fermentation of Fructooligosaccharides and Resistant Starch in Patients with an Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 66, no. 5 (1997): 1286-92.
  43. Emery, E. A., S. Ahmad, J. D. Koethe, A. Skipper, S. Perlmutter, D. L. Paskin. Banana flakes control diarrhea in enterally fed patients. Nutr Clin Pract. 12, no. 2 (1997) 72-75.
  44. Silvester, K. R., S. A. Bingham, J. R. Pollock, J. H. Cummings and I. K. O’Neill. Effect of Meat and Resistant Starch on Fecal Excretion of Apparent N-Nitroso Compounds and Ammonia from the Human Large Bowel. Nutr Cancer. 29, no. 1 (1997): 13-23.
  45. Champ, M.M.J., C. Molis, B. Flourie, F. Bornet, P. Pellier, P. Colonna, J-P. Galmiche, J-C Rambaud. Small-intestinal digestion of partially resistant cornstarch in healthy subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 68 (1998): 705-710.
  46. Giacco, R., G. Clemente, F. Brighenti, M. Mancini, A. D’Avanzo, S. Coppola, G. Ruffa, G. LaSorella, A. M. Rivieccio, A. A. Rivellese and G. Riccardi. Metabolic Effects of Resistant Starch in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Nutr Metab. 11, no. 6 (1998): 330-335.
  47. Heijnen, M. L., J. M. van Amelsvoort, P. Deurenberg and A. C. Beynen. Limited Effect of Consumption of Uncooked (RS2) or Retrograded (RS3) Resistant Starch on Putative Risk Factors for Colon Cancer in Healthy Men. Am J Clin Nutr. 67, no. 2 (1998): 322-31.
  48. Hylla, S., A. Gostner, G. Dusel, H. Anger, H. P. Bartram, S. U. Christl, H. Kasper, and W. Scheppach. Effects of resistant starch on the colon in healthy volunteers: possible implications for cancer prevention. Am J Clin Nutr. 67, no. 1 (1998):136-42.
  49. Jenkins, D. J., V. Vuksan, C. W. Kendall, P. Wursch, R. Jeffcoat, S. Waring, C. C. Mehling, E. Vidgen, L. S. Augustin and E. Wong. Physiological Effects of Resistant Starches on Fecal Bulk, Short Chain Fatty Acids, Blood Lipids and Glycemic Index. J Am Coll Nutr. 17, no. 6 (1998): 609-16.
  50. Langkilde, A.M., H. Ekwall, I. Bjorck, N-G . Asp, H. Andersson. Retrograded high-amylose corn starch reduces cholic acid excretion from the small bowel in ileostomy subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr. 52 (1998): 790-795.
  51. Marchini J. S., N. Faisant, M. Champ, S. Ranganathan, C. Azoulay, M.F. Kergueris, H. Piloquet, M. Krempf. Effects of an acute raw resistant potato starch supplement on postprandial glycemia, insulinemia, lipemia in healthy adults. Nutr Res. 18, no. 7 (July 1998); 1135-1145.
  52. Hoebler, C., A. Karinthi, H. Chiron, M. Champ and J. L. Barry. Bioavailability of Starch in Bread Rich in Amylose: Metabolic Responses in Healthy Subjects and Starch Structure. Eur J Clin Nutr. 53, no. 5 (1999): 360-6.
  53. Jenkins, D.J.A., V. Vuksan, A.V. Rao, E. Vidgen, C.W.C. Kendall, N. Tariq, P. Wursch, B. Koellreutter, N. Shiwnarain, R. Jeffcoat. Colonic bacterial activity and serum lipid risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Metabolism. 48, no. 2 (1999): 264-268.
  54. Ahmed, R., I. Segal, H. Hassan. Fermentation of dietary starch in humans. Am J Gastroenterol. 95, no. 4 (2000): 1017-1020.
  55. Ramairishna BS, Venkataraman S, Srivivasan P, Dash P, Young GP, and Binder HJ. Amylase-resistant starch plus oral rehydration solution for cholera. New Eng J Med. 342, no. 5 (2000):308-13.
  56. Vonk, Roel J, Renate E Hagedoorn, Rynate de Graaff, Henk Elzinga, Saskia Tabak, Yue-Xin Yang and Frans Stellaard. Digestion of So-Called Resistant Starch Sources in the Human Small Intestine. Am J Clin Nutr. 72, no. 2 (2000): 432-438.
  57. Grubben, M. J., C. C. van den Braak, M. Essenberg, M. Olthof, A. Tangerman, M. B. Katan and F. M. Nagengast. Effect of Resistant Starch on Potential Biomarkers for Colonic Cancer Risk in Patients with Colonic Adenomas: A Controlled Trial. Dig Dis Sci. 46, no. 4 (2001): 750-6.
  58. Rabbani GH, Teka T, Zaman B, Majid N, Khatun M, Fuchs GJ. Clinical studies in persistent diarrhea: Dietary management with green banana or pectin in Bangladeshi children. Gastroenterology. 121, no. 3 (2001): 554-560.
  59. Anderson, G. H., N. L. Catherine, D. M. Woodend and T. M. Wolever. Inverse Association between the Effect of Carbohydrates on Blood Glucose and Subsequent Short-Term Food Intake in Young Men. Am J Clin Nutr. 76, no. 5 (2002): 1023-30.
  60. Behall, K. M. and J. Hallfrisch. Plasma Glucose and Insulin Reduction after Consumption of Breads Varying in Amylose Content. Eur J Clin Nutr. 56, no. 9 (2002): 913-20.
  61. Behall, K. M., J. C. Howe and R. A. Anderson. Apparent Mineral Retention Is Similar in Control and Hyperinsulinemic Men after Consumption of High Amylose Cornstarch. J Nutr. 132, no. 7 (2002): 1886-91.
  62. Langkilde, A. M., M. Champ, H. Andersson. Effects of high-resistant-starch banana flour (RS2) on in vitro fermentation and the small-bowel excretion of energy, nutrients, and sterols: an ileostomy study. Am J Clin Nutr. 75, no. 1 (2002):104-111.
  63. Reader DM, O’Connell BS, Johnson ML and Franz M. Glycemic and Insulinemic Response of Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes after Consumption of Three Energy Bars. J Am Diet Assoc. 102, no. 8 (2002): 1139-42.
  64. Schwiertz, A., U. Lehmann, G. Jacobasch, M. Blaut. Influence of resistant starch on the SCFA production and cell counts of butyrate-producing Eubacterium spp. in the human intestine. J Appl Microbiol. 93, no. 1 (2002): 157-162.
  65. van Gorkom BAP, Karrenbeld A, van der Sluis T, Zwart N, van der Meer R, de Vries EGE, Kleibeuker JH. Calcium or resistant starch does not affect colonic epithelial cell proliferation throughout the colon in adenoma patients: a randomized controlled trial. Nutr Cancer. 43, no. 1 (2002): 31-8.
  66. Wacker, M., P. Wanek, E. Eder, S. Hylla, A. Gostner and W. Scheppach. Effect of Enzyme-Resistant Starch on Formation of 1,N(2)-Propanodeoxyguanosine Adducts of Trans-4-Hydroxy-2-Nonenal and Cell Proliferation in the Colonic Mucosa of Healthy Volunteers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 11, no. 9 (2002): 915-20.
  67. Kendall, C. W. C., D. J. A. Jenkins, A. Emam. Assessment of resistant starch tolerance: a dose response study. Abstract presented at 9th European Nutrition Conference, October 1-4, 2003, Rome Italy.
  68. Mathers, J. C., I. Mickleburgh, P. C. Chapman, D. T. Bishop, J. Burn and Study Concerted Action Polyp Prevention. Can Resistant Starch and/or Aspirin Prevent the Development of Colonic Neoplasia? The Concerted Action Polyp Prevention (Capp) 1 Study. Proc Nutr Soc. 62, no. 1 (2003): 51-7.
  69. Robertson MD, Currie JM, Morgan LM, Jewell DP and Frayn KN. Prior Short-Term Consumption of Resistant Starch Enhances Postprandial Insulin Sensitivity in Healthy Subjects. Diabetologia. 46, no. 5 (2003): 659-65.
  70. Bouhnik, Y., L. Raskine, G. Simoneau, E. Vicaut, C. Neut, B. Flourie, F. Brouns, F. R. Bornet. The capacity of nondigestible carbohydrates to stimulate fecal bifidobacteria in healthy humans: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, dose-response relation study. Am J Clin Nutr. 80, no. 6 (2004): 1658-1664.
  71. Higgins, J. A., D. R. Higbee, W. T. Donahoo, I. L. Brown, M. L. Bell and D. H. Bessesen. Resistant Starch Consumption Promotes Lipid Oxidation. Nutr Metab (Lond). 1, no. 1 (2004): 8.
  72. Muir, J. G., E. G. Yeow, J. Keogh, C. Pizzey, A. R. Bird, K. Sharpe, K. O’Dea and F. A. Macrae. Combining Wheat Bran with Resistant Starch Has More Beneficial Effects on Fecal Indexes Than Does Wheat Bran Alone. Am J Clin Nutr. 79, no. 6 (2004): 1020-8.
  73. Park, O. J., N. E. Kang, M. J. Chang, W. K. Kim. Resistant starch supplementation influences blood lipid concentrations and glucose control in overweight subjects. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 50 no. 2 (2004): 9309.
  74. Rabbani GH, Teka T, Saha SK, Zaman B, Majid N, Khatun M, Wahed MA, Fuchs GJ. Green Banana and Pectin Improve Small Intestinal Permeability and Reduce Fluid Loss in Bangladeshi Children with Persistent Diarrhea. Dig Dis Sci. 49, no. 3 (2004): 475-484.
  75. Symonds, E. L., S. Kritas, T. I. Omari, R. N. Butler. A combined 13CO2/H2 breath test can be used to assess starch digestion and fermentation in humans. J Nutr. 134, no. 5 (2004): 1193-1196.
  76. Behall, K. M. and D. J. Scholfield. Food Amylose Content Affects Postprandial Glucose and Insulin Responses. Cereal Chem. 82, no. 6 (2005): 654-659.
  77. Fernandes G, A. Velangi, T.M.S. Wolever. Glycemic index of potatoes commonly consumed in North America. J Am Diet Assoc. 105 (2005): 557-562.
  78. Magee E. A., L. M. Edmond, S. M. Tasker, S. C. Kong, R. Curno, and J. H. Cummings. Associations between diet and disease activity in ulcerative colitis patients using a novel method of data analysis. Nutr J. 4, no. 7 (2005).
  79. Robertson MD., Bickerton AS, Dennis AL, Vidal H and Frayn KN. Insulin-Sensitizing Effects of Dietary Resistant Starch and Effects on Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue Metabolism. Am J Clin Nutr. 82, no. 3 (2005): 559-67.
  80. Weickert M. O., M. Mohlig, C. Koebnick, J. J. Holst, P. Namsolleck, M. Ristow, M. Osterhoff, H. Rochlitz, N. Rudovich, J. Spranger, A. F. H. Pfeiffer. Impact of cereal fibre on glucose-regulating factors. Diabetologia. 48, no. 11 (2005): 2343-2353.
  81. Yamada, Y., S. Hosoya, S. Nishimura, t. Tanaka, Y. Kajimoto, A. Nishimura, O. Kajimoto. Effect of bread containing resistant starch on postprandial blood glucose levels in humans. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 69, no. 3 (2005): 559-66.
  82. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield and J. Hallfrisch. Whole-Grain Diets Reduce Blood Pressure in Mildly Hypercholesterolemic Men and Women. J Am Diet Assoc. 106, no. 9 (2006): 1445-9.
  83. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield and J. G. Hallfrisch. Barley Β-Glucan Reduces Plasma Glucose and Insulin Responses Compared with Resistant Starch in Men. Nutr Res (New York, N.Y.). 26, no. 12 (2006): 644-650.
  84. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield, J. G. Hallfrisch and H. G. Liljeberg-Elmstahl. Consumption of Both Resistant Starch and Beta-Glucan Improves Postprandial Plasma Glucose and Insulin in Women. Diabetes Care. 29, no. 5 (2006): 976-81.
  85. Brighenti, F., L. Benini, D. Del Rio, C. Casiraghi, N. Pellegrini, F. Scazzina, D. J. Jenkins and I. Vantini. Colonic Fermentation of Indigestible Carbohydrates Contributes to the Second-Meal Effect. Am J Clin Nutr. 83, no. 4 (2006): 817-22.
  86. Raghupathy, P., B. S. Ramakrishna, S. P. Oommen, M.S. Ahmed, G. Priyaa, J. Dziura, G.P. Young, H. J. Binder. Amylase-resistant starch as adjunct to oral rehydration therapy in children with diarrhea J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 42, no. 4 (2006): 362-8.
  87. So, P.-W., W.S. Yu, J.D. Bell and G. Frost. Anti-Adipogenic Effects of a Diet High in Resistant Starch. Proc Intl Soc Mag Reson Med. 14 (2006):475.
  88. Brouns, Fred, Eva Arrigoni, Anna Maria Langkilde, Inge Verkooijen, Caroline Fässler, Henrik Andersson, Bernd Kettlitz, Michiel van Nieuwenhoven, Henriette Philipsson and Renato Amadò. Physiological and Metabolic Properties of a Digestion-Resistant Maltodextrin, Classified as Type 3 Retrograded Resistant Starch. J Agric Food Chem. 55, no. 4 (2007): 1574-1581.
  89. De Preter, V., L. Cloetens, P. Rutgeerts and K. Verbeke. Influence of Resistant Starch Alone or Combined with Wheat Bran on Gastric Emptying and Protein Digestion in Healthy Volunteers. Scand J Gastroenterol. 42, no. 10 (2007): 1187-1193.
  90. Larkin, T. A., W. E. Price and L. B. Astheimer. Increased Probiotic Yogurt or Resistant Starch Intake Does Not Affect Isoflavone Bioavailability in Subjects Consuming a High Soy Diet. Nutrition. 23, no. 10 (2007): 709-18.
  91. Quílez, J., M. Bulló and J. Salas-Salvadó. Improved Postprandial Response and Feeling of Satiety after Consumption of Low-Calorie Muffins with Maltitol and High-Amylose Corn Starch. J Food Sci. 72, no. 6 (2007): S407-S411.
  92. Storey, D., A. Lee, F. Bornet and F. Brouns. Gastrointestinal Responses Following Acute and Medium Term Intake of Retrograded Resistant Maltodextrins, Classified as Type 3 Resistant Starch. Eur J Clin Nutr. 61, (2007): 1262-1270.
  93. Zhang, W. Q., H. W. Wang, Y. M. Zhang and Y. X. Yang. Effects of Resistant Starch on Insulin Resistance of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 41, no. 2 (2007): 101-4.  The article is in Chinese.
  94. Abell G. C. J., C. M.  Cooke, C. N. Bennett, M. A. Conlon, A. L. McOrist. Phylotypes related to Ruminococcus bromii are abundant in the large bowel of humans and increase in response to a diet high in resistant starch. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 66, no. 3 (2008): 505-15.
  95. Burn, J., D. T. Bishop, J. P. Mecklin, F. Macrae, G. Moslein, S. Olschwang, M. L. Bisgaard, R. Ramesar, D. Eccles, E. R. Maher, L. Bertario, H. J. Jarvinen, A. Lindblom, D. G. Evans, J. Lubinski, P. J. Morrison, J. W. Ho, H. F. Vasen, L. Side, H. J. Thomas, R. J. Scott, M. Dunlop, G. Barker, F. Elliott, J. R. Jass, R. Fodde, H. T. Lynch, J. C. Mathers and CAPP Investigators. Effect of Aspirin or Resistant Starch on Colorectal Neoplasia in the Lynch Syndrome. N Engl J Med. 359, no. 24 (2008): 2567-78.
  96. Cloetens, L., V. De Preter, H. De Loor, P. Rutgeerts and K. Verbeke. Does the Biomarker 15n-Lactose Ureide Allow to Estimate the Site of Fermentation of Resistant Starch? Eur J Nutr. 47, no. 4 (2008): 217-223.
  97. Kokke, F. T. M. , P. A. M. J. Scholtens, M. S. Alles, T. S. Decates, T. J. W. Fiselier, J. J. M. Tolboom, J. L. L. Kimpen and M. A. Benninga. A Dietary Fiber Mixture Versus Lactulose in the Treatment of Childhood Constipation: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 47, no. 5 (2008): 592-7.
  98. Lasrado, J. A., M. L. Stewart, J. Slavin, D. A. Savaiano and C. H. Nakatsu. Effect of Resistant Starch on the Bifidobacterial Community of Healthy Adults. FASEB J. 22, no. 1_MeetingAbstracts (2008): 896.4. Conference abstract.
  99. Nilsson, A. C., E. M. Ostman, J. J. Holst, and I. M. E. Bjorck. Including indigestible carbohydrates in the evening meal of healthy subjects improves glucose tolerance, lowers inflammatory markers, and increases satiety after a subsequent standardized breakfast. J Nutr. 138 (2008): 732-9.
  100. Ramakrishna BS, Subramanian V, Mohan V, Sebastian BK, Young GP, Farthing MJ, and Binder HJ. A randomized controlled trial of glucose versus amylase resistant starch hypo-osmolar oral rehydration solution for adult acute dehydrating diarrhea. PLoS ONE. 3 no. 2 (2008): e1587.
  101. Alam, N. H., S. Islam, S. Sattar, S. Monira and J. F. Desjeux. Safety of Rapid Intravenous Rehydration and Comparative Efficacy of 3 Oral Rehydration Solutions in the Treatment of Severely Malnourished Children with Dehydrating Cholera. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 48, no. 3 (2009): 318-27.
  102. Álvarez-Acosta, T., C. León, S. Acosta-González, H. Parra-Soto, I. Cluet-Rodriguez, M. Rosario Rossell, J. A. Colina-Chourio., Beneficial Role of Green Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) in the management of Persistent Diarrhea: A Prospective Randomized Trial. J Am Coll Nutr. 28, no. 2 (2009):169-176.
  103. Dronamraju, S. S., J. M. Coxhead, S. B. Kelly, J. Burn and J. C. Mathers. Cell Kinetics and Gene Expression Changes in Colorectal Cancer Patients Given Resistant Starch: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Gut. 58, no. 3 (2009): 413-20.
  104. Maki, K. C., L. Sanders, M. S. Reeves, V. Kaden and Y. Cartwright. Resistant Starch Improves Laxation in Healthy Adults. FASEB J. 23, no. 1 Meeting Abstracts (2009): 919.1. Conference abstract.
  105. Monira, S., N. H. Alam, A. Suau, F. Magne, G. B. Nair, P. C. Karmakar, M. Rahman, P. Pochart and J. F. Desjeux. Time Course of Bacterial Diversity in Stool Samples of Malnourished Children with Cholera Receiving Treatment. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 48, no. 5 (2009): 571-8.
  106. Rabbani GH, Ahmed S, Hossain I, Islam R, Marni F, Akhtar M, Majid N. Green banana reduces clinical severity of childhood shigellosis: a double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 28, no. 5 (May 2009): 420-5.
  107. Willis, H. J., A. L. Eldridge, J. Beiseigel, W. Thomas and J. L. Slavin. Greater Satiety Response with Resistant Starch and Corn Bran in Human Subjects. Nutr Res. 29, no. 2 (2009): 100-5.
  108. Worthley, D. L., R. K. Le Leu, V. L. Whitehall, M. Conlon, C. Christophersen, D. Belobrajdic, K. A. Mallitt, Y. Hu, N. Irahara, S. Ogino, B. A. Leggett and G. P. Young. A Human, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Trial of Prebiotic, Probiotic, and Synbiotic Supplementation: Effects on Luminal, Inflammatory, Epigenetic, and Epithelial Biomarkers of Colorectal Cancer. Am J Clin Nutr. 90, no. 3 (2009): 578-86.
  109. Anderson, G. H., C. E. Cho, T. Akhavan, R. C. Mollard, B. L. Luhovyy and E. T. Finocchiaro. Relation between Estimates of Cornstarch Digestibility by the Englyst in Vitro Method and Glycemic Response, Subjective Appetite, and Short-Term Food Intake in Young Men. Am J Clin Nutr. 91, no. 4 (2010): 932-9.
  110. Ble-Castillo, J. L., M. A. Aparicio-Trapala, M. U. Francisco-Luria, R. Cordova-Uscanga, A. Rodriguez-Hernandez, J. D. Mendez, J. C. Diaz-Zagoya. Effects of Native Banana Starch Supplementation on Body Weight and Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Type 2 Diabetics. Int J Enviro Res Public Health. 7, no. 5 (2010): 1953-1962.
  111. Bodinham, C. L., G. S. Frost and M. D. Robertson. Acute Ingestion of Resistant Starch Reduces Food Intake in Healthy Adults. Br J Nutr. 103, no. 6 (2010): 917-22.
  112. Haub, M. D, K. L. Hubach, E. K. Al-tamimi, S. Ornelas and P. A. Seib. Different Types of Resistant Starch Elicit Different Glucose Reponses in Humans. J Nutr Metab. (2010): Article ID 230501.
  113. Johnston K. L., E. L. Thomas, J. D. Bell, G. S. Frost, and M. D. Robertson. Resistant starch improves insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome. Diabet Med. 27 no. 4 (2010): 391-97.
  114. Martínez, I., J. Kim, P. R. Duffy, V. L. Schlegel and J. Walter. Resistant Starches Types 2 and 4 Have Differential Effects on the Composition of the Fecal Microbiota in Human Subjects. PLoS ONE. 5, no. 11 (2010): e15046.
  115. Penn-Marshall, M., Holtzman GI and Barbeau WE. African Americans May Have to Consume More Than 12 Grams a Day of Resistant Starch to Lower Their Risk for Type 2 Diabetes. J Med Food. 13, no. 4 (2010): 999-1004.
  116. Rabbani G. H., C. P. Larson, R. Islam, U. R. Saha, A. Kabir. Green banana-supplemented diet in the home management of acute and prolonged diarrhoea in children: a community-based trial in rural Bangladesh. Trop Med Int Health. 15, no. 10 (Oct. 2010): 1132-1139.
  117. Verbeke, K., V. Ferchaud-Roucher, T. Preston, A. C. Small, L. Henckaerts, M. Krempf, H. Wang, R. J. Vonk and M. G. Priebe. Influence of the Type of Indigestible Carbohydrate on Plasma and Urine Short-Chain Fatty Acid Profiles in Healthy Human Volunteers. Eur J Clin Nutr. 64, no. 7 (2010): 678-84.
  118. Wutzke, K.D., M. Lotz, C. Zipprich. The effect of pre- and probiotics on the colonic ammonia metabolism in humans as measured by lactose-[15N2]ureide. Eur J Clin Nutr. 64 (2010): 1215-1221.
  119. Zhou, Z., D. L. Topping, M. K. Morell and A. R. Bird. Changes in Starch Physical Characteristics Following Digestion of Foods in the Human Small Intestine. Br J Nutr. 104, no. 4 (2010): 573-81.
  120. Burn, J., D. T. Bishop, P. D. Chapman, F. Elliott, L. Bertario, M. G. Dunlop, D. Eccles, A. Ellis, D. G. Evans, R. Fodde, E. R. Maher, G. Moslein, H. F. Vasen, J. Coaker, R. K. Phillips, S. Bulow, J. C. Mathers and Capp consortium International. A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Prevention Trial of Aspirin and/or Resistant Starch in Young People with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 4, no. 5 (2011): 655-65.
  121. Clarke JM, Topping DL, Christophersen CT, Bird AR, Lange K, Saunders I, Cobiac L. Butyrate esterified to starch is released in the human gastrointestinal tract. Am J Clin Nutr. 94, no. 5 (2011):1276-1283.
  122. Hallström E, Sestili F, Lafiandra D, Björck I, Östman E. A novel wheat variety with elevated content of amylose increases resistant starch formation and may beneficially influence glycaemia in healthy subjects. Food Nutr Res. 55 (2011): 7074.
  123. Haugabrooks, E., P. J. White, L. Pollak and S. Hendrich. The Effect of Digestive Resistant Starch Derived from Crossbred Maize Lines on Human Blood Glucose Response. The FASEB Journal. 25, 771.14, 2011. Conference abstract.
  124. McOrist, A. L., R. B. Miller, A. R. Bird, J. B. Keogh, M. Noakes, D. L. Topping and M. A. Conlon. Fecal Butyrate Levels Vary Widely among Individuals but Are Usually Increased by a Diet High in Resistant Starch. J Nutr. 141, no. 5 (2011): 883-9.
  125. Walker, A. W., J. Ince, S. H. Duncan, L. M. Webster, G. Holtrop, X. Ze, D. Brown, M. D. Stares, P. Scott, A. Bergerat, P. Louis, F. McIntosh, A. M. Johnstone, G. E. Lobley, J. Parkhill and H. J. Flint. Dominant and Diet-Responsive Groups of Bacteria within the Human Colonic Microbiota. ISME J. 5, no. 2 (2011): 220-30.
  126. Ble-Castillo JL, Aparicio Trapala MA, Gomez Vazquez A, Rodriguez Hernandez A, Mendez JD, Juarez Rojop IE, Aguilar Mariscal H, Ramon Frias T, Diaz Zagoya JC. Potential beneficial effects of native banana starch on glycemia and insulin resistance in obese nondiabetic women. Interciencia. 37, no. 6 (2012): 470-476.
  127. Bodinham, C. L., L. Smith, J. Wright, G. S. Frost, M. D. Robertson. Dietary Fibre Improves First-phase Insulin Secretion in Overweight Individuals. PLoS One. 7, no. 7 (2012): e40834.
  128. Dahl, W. J., A. Radford and B. Langkamp-Henken. Effects of Resistant Potato Starches on Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Function. In Annual meeting of the American Dietetic Association. 112, A-46: J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012. Conference abstract.
  129. Karalus, M., M., Clark, K. A. Greaves, W. Thomas, Z. Vickers, M. Kuyama and J. Slavin. Fermentable Fibers Do Not Affect Satiety or Food Intake by Women Who Do Not Practice Restrained Eating. J Acad Nutr Diet. 112, no. 9 (2012): 1356-1362.
  130. Maki, K. C., C.L. Pelkman, E.T. Finocchiaro, K.M. Kelley, A.L. Lawless, A.L. Schild, T.M. Rains. Resistant Starch from High-Amylose Maize Increases Insulin Sensitivity in Overweight and Obese Men. J Nutr. 142, no. 4 (2012): 717-723.
  131. Mathers, J. C., M. Movahedi, F. Macrae, J. P. Mecklin, G. Moeslein, S. Olschwang, D. Eccles, G. Evans, E. R. Maher, L. Bertario, M. L. Bisgaard, M. Dunlop, J. W. Ho, S. Hodgson, A. Lindblom, J. Lubinski, P. J. Morrison, V. Murday, R. Ramesar, L. Side, R. J. Scott, H. J. Thomas, H. Vasen, A. M. Gerdes, G. Barker, G. Crawford, F. Elliott, K. Pylvanainen, J. Wijnen, R. Fodde, H. Lynch, D. T. Bishop, J. Burn and Capp Investigators. Long-Term Effect of Resistant Starch on Cancer Risk in Carriers of Hereditary Colorectal Cancer: An Analysis from the Capp2 Randomised Controlled Trial. Lancet Oncol. 13, no. 12 (2012): 1242-9.
  132. McIntosh FM, Maison N, Holtrop G, Young P, Stevens VJ, Ince J, Johnstone AM, Lobley GE, Flint HJ, Louis P. Phylogenetic distribution of genes encoding β-glucuronidase activity in human colonic bacteria and the impact of diet on faecal glycosidase activitiesEnviron Microbiol. 14, no. 8 (2012):1876-1887.
  133. Nava G.M., F. Carbonero, J. Ou, A.C. Benefiel, S.J. O’Keefe, H.R. Gaskins. Hydrogenotrophic microbiota distinguish native Africans from African and European Americans. Environ Microbiol Rep. 4, no. 3 (2012): 307-315.
  134. Poquette, N. M., Y.-J. Wang, S.-K. Lee. Parboiled brown rice product reduces postprandial plasma glucose response in men. J Nutr Food Sci. 2, no. 9 (2012): 1000166.
  135. Robertson MD, Wright JW, Loizon Debard EC, Vidal H, Shojaee-Moradie F, Russell-Jones D and Umpleby AM. Insulin-Sensitizing Effects on Muscle and Adipose Tissue after Dietary Fiber Intake in Men and Women with Metabolic Syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 97, no. 9 (2012): 3326-32.
  136. Bodinham, C. L., N. M. Al-Mana, L. Smith and M. D. Robertson. Endogenous Plasma Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Following Acute Dietary Fibre Consumption. Br J Nutr. 110, no. 8 (2013): 1429-33.
  137. Haugabrooks, E., Y. Ai, JL Jane and S. Hendrich. High Amylose and Stearic Acid-Modified Resistant Starch: Human Post-Prandial Gut Fermentation and Blood Glucose Response. FASEB. 27, 125.8: The FASEB Journal, 2013. Conference abstract. See also Haugabrooks, E. Evaluating the use of resistant starch as a beneficial dietary fiber and its effect on physiological response of glucose, insulin, and fermentation. Ph.D. thesis, Iowa State University, 2013.
  138. Lobley, G. E., G. Holtrop, D. M. Bremner, A. G. Calder, E. Milne, A. M. Johnstone Impact of Short Term Consumption of Diets High in Either Non-Starch Polysaccharides or Resistant Starch in Comparison with Moderate Weight Loss on Indices of Insulin Sensitivity in Subjects with Metabolic Syndrome. Nutrients. 5 no. 6 (2013): 2144-72.
  139. MacNeil, S., R. M. Rebry, I. J. Tetlow, M. J. Emes, B. McKeown and T. E. Graham. Resistant Starch Intake at Breakfast Affects Postprandial Responses in Type 2 Diabetics and Enhances the Glucose-Dependent Insulinotropic Polypeptide – Insulin Relationship Following a Second Meal. Appl Physiol Nutri Metab. 38, no. 12 (2013): 1187-1195.
  140. Wutzke, K.D., D. Scholübbers. The metabolic effect of resistant starch and yoghurt on the renal and faecal nitrogen and ammonia excretion in humans as measured by lactose-[15N2]Ureide. Isotopes Environ Health Stud. 49, no. 4 (2013): 464-470.
  141. Bodinham, C. L., L. Smith, E. L. Thomas, J. D. Bell, J. R. Swann, A. Costabile, D. Russell-Jones, A. M. Umpleby and M. D. Robertson. Efficacy of Increased Resistant Starch Consumption in Human Type 2 Diabetes. Endocr Connect. 3, no. 2 (2014): 75-84.
  142. Galvao Candido, F., W. T. Silva Ton, R.C. Goncalves Alfenas. Addition of dietary fiber sources to shakes reduces postprandial glycemia and alters food intake. Nutr Hosp. 31, no. 1 (2014): 299-306.
  143. Harrold, J., L. Breslin, J, Walsh, J, Halford and C. Pelkman. Satiety Effects of a Whole-Grain Fibre Composite Ingredient: Reduced Food Intake and Appetite Ratings. Food Funct. 5, no. 10 (2014): 2574-2581.
  144. Humphreys, K. J., M. A. Conlon, G. P. Young, D. L. Topping, Y. Hu, J. M. Winter, A. R. Bird, L. Cobiac, N. A. Kennedy, M. Z. Michael and R. K. Le Leu. Dietary Manipulation of Oncogenic MicroRNA Expression in Human Rectal Mucosa: A Randomized Trial. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 7, no. 8 (2014): 786-795.
  145. Luhovyy, B. L., R. C. Mollard, S. Yurchenko, M. F. Nunez, S. Berengut, T. T. Liu, C. E. Smith, C. L. Pelkman, G. H. Anderson. The effects of whole grain high-amylose maize flour s a source of resistant starch on blood glucose, satiety, and food intake in young men J Food Sci. 79, no. 12 (2014): H2550-6.
  146. Salonen, A., L. Lahti, J. Salojarvi, G. Holtrop, K. Korpela, S. H. Duncan, P. Date, F. Farquharson, A. M. Johnstone, G. E. Lobley, P. Louis, H. J. Flint and W. M. de Vos. Impact of Diet and Individual Variation on Intestinal Microbiota Composition and Fermentation Products in Obese Men. ISME J. 8 (2014):2218-2230.
  147. Malcomson, F.C. Non-digestible carbohydrates, the WNT signalling pathway and bowel cancer risk. Ph.D. Thesis, Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Sept 2014, 399 pages.
  148. Sirich, Tammy L., Natalie S. Plummer, Christopher D. Gardner, Thomas H. Hostetter and Timothy W. Meyer. Effect of Increasing Dietary Fiber on Plasma Levels of Colon-Derived Solutes in Hemodialysis Patients. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 9, No. 9 (2014):1603-10.
  149. Tavares da Silva, S., C. Araujo dos Santos, Y. Marvila Girondoli, L. Mello de Azeredo, L. F. de Sousa Moraes, J.K.V. Gomes Schitini, M. F. C. de Lima, R. C. Lopes Assis Coelho, J. Bressan. Women with metabolic syndrome improve antrophometric and biochemical parameters with green banana flour consumption. Nutridion Hospitalaria. 29, No. 5(2014): 1070-2080.
  150. Xiao, S., N. Fei, X. Pang, J. Shen, L. Wang, B. Zhang, M. Zhang, X. Zhang, C Zhang, M. Li, L. Sun, Z. Xue, J. Wang, J Feng, F. Yan, N. Zhao, J. Liu, W. Long and L. Zhao. A Gut Microbiota-Targeted Dietary Intervention for Amelioration of Chronic Inflammation Underlying Metabolic Syndrome. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 87, no. 2 (2014): 357-367.
  151. Aryana, K, F Greenway, N Dhurandhar, R Tulley, J Finley, M. Keenan, R Martin, C Pelkman, D Olson and J Zheng. A Resistant-Starch Enriched Yogurt: Fermentability, Sensory Characteristics, and a Pilot Study in ChildrenF1000 Research. 4 (2015):139.
  152. Cândido, FG, Ton, WTS, Alfenas RCG. Addition of dietary fiber sources to shakes reduces postprandial glycemia and alters food intake. Nutricion Hospitalaria. 2015; 31(1):299-306.
  153. Das, Sai Krupa, Susan Roberts, Edward Saltzman, Jennelle Yopchick, Stephanie Power, Sarbattama Sen, Nina Lowery, Errol Norwitz and Lorien Urban. Effect of a Behavioral Intervention with Cereal Fiber or Resistant Starch on Gestational Weight Gain: A Randomized Clinical Trial. FASEB J. 29, no. 1 Supplement (2015).
  154. Giuntini, E. G., F. A. H. Sarda, M. C. Y. Lui, C. C. Tadini, F. M. Lajolo, E. W. Menezes. Gastrointestinal hormone modulation after a double-blind interventional study with unavailable carbohydrates. Food Res Int. 77, no. 1 Special Issue (2015): 17-23.
  155. James, S. L., C. T. Christophersen, A. R. Bird, M. A. Conlon, O. Rosella, P. R. Gibson and J. G. Muir. Abnormal Fibre Usage in UC in Remission. Gut. 64, no. 4 (2015):562-70.
  156. Jimenez-Dominguez, G, J. L. Ble-Castillo, M. A. Aparicio-Trapala, I. E. Juarez-Rojop, C. A. Tovilla-Zarate, D. J. Ble-Castillo, C. Garcia-Vazquez, V. Olivera-Hernandez, B. Perrez-Pimienta, J. C. Diaz-Zagoya, J. D. Mendez. Effects of acute ingestion of native banana starch on glycemic response evaluated by continuous glucose monitoring in obese and lean subjects. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 12, no. 7(2015): 7491-7505.
  157. Kelly J, S. Ryan, H. McKinnon, R. Romero-Gonzalez, P. Louis, D. Bosscher, A. Bonnema, S. Gratz, S. Duncan, A. Johnstone, H. Flint, J. Harrold, J. Halford, S. Shirazi-Beechey. Dietary supplementation with a type 3 resistant starch induces butyrate producing bacteria within the gut microbiota of human volunteers. Appetite, 91, August 1, 2015: 438. Abstract presented at a conference.
  158. Malekian, F., S. S. Gebrelul, J. F. Henson, K. D. Cyrus, M. Goita, B. M. Kennedy. The Effects of Whey Protein and Resistant Starch on Body Weight. Journal of Functional Foods in Health and Disease, 5 , No. 8 (2015):275-291.
  159. May, T., C. Westcott, C. Thakwalakwa, M. I. Ordiz, K. Maleta, J. Westcott, K. Ryan, K. M. Hambidge, L. V. Miller, G.   Young, E. Mortimer, M. J. Manary and N. F. Krebs. Resistant Starch Does Not Affect Zinc Homeostasis in Rural Malawian Children. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 30, no. 0 (2015): 43-48.
  160. O’Keefe, Stephen J. D., Jia V. Li, Leo Lahti, Junhai Ou, Franck Carbonero, Khaled Mohammed, Joram M. Posma, James Kinross, Elaine Wahl, Elizabeth Ruder, Kishore Vipperla, Vasudevan Naidoo, Lungile Mtshali, Sebastian Tims, Philippe G. B. Puylaert, James DeLany, Alyssa Krasinskas, Ann C. Benefiel, Hatem O. Kaseb, Keith Newton, Jeremy K. Nicholson, Willem M. de Vos, H. Rex Gaskins and Erwin G. Zoetendal. Fat, Fibre and Cancer Risk in African Americans and Rural Africans. Nat Commun 6, (2015).
  161. Ordiz M.I., T.D. May, K. Mihindukulasuriya, J. Martin, J. Crowley, P.I. Tarr, K. Ryan, E. Mortimer, G. Gopalsamy, K. Maleta, M. Mitreva, G. Young, M.J. Manary. The effect of dietary resistant starch type 2 on the microbiota and markers of gut inflammation in rural Malawi children. Microbiome. 3 (2015): 37.
  162. Wutzke, K.D., M. Tisztl, B. Salewski, A. Glass. Dietary fibre-rich resistant starches promote ammonia detoxification in the human colon as measured by lactose'[15N2]ureide. Isotopes Eniron Health Stud. 51, no. 4 (2015): 488-496.
  163. Sonia, S., F. Witjaksono, R. Ridwan. Effect of cooling of cooked white rice on resistant starch content and glycemic response. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 24, no. 4 (2015):620-625.
  164. Dainty, Sarah A., Shannon L. Klingel, Stephanie E. Pilkey, Evan McDonald, Bruce McKeown, Michael J. Emes, Alison M. Duncan. Resistant Starch Bagels Reduce Fasting and Postprandial Insulin in Adults at Risk of Type 2 Diabetes. The Journal of Nutrition. 146, no. 11 (2016): 2252-2259. See also Dainty, S. A. The Effect of Resistant Starch Bagels on Glycemic Response in Adults at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes.  Masters of Science thesis, The University of Guelph, Canada, 2015-05-04.
  165. Bergeron, N., P. T. Williams, R. Lamendella, N. Faghihnia, A. Grube, X. Li, Z. Wang, R. Knight, J. K. Jansson, S. L. Hazen, R. M. Krauss. Diets high in resistant starch increase plasma levels of trimethylamine-N-oxide, a gut microbiome metabolite associated with CVD risk. Br J Nutr. 116, no. 12 (2016): 2020-2016.
  166. Boll, E. V. J., L. M. N. K. Ekstrom, C. M. Courtin, J. A. Delcour, A. C. Nilsson, I. M. E. Bjorck, E. M. Ostman. Effects of wheat bran extract rich in arabinoxylan oligosaccharides and resistant starch on overnight glucose tolerance and markers of gut fermentation in healthy young adults. Eur J Nutr. 44, no. 4 (2016): 1661-1670.
  167. Dodevska, Margarita S, Sladjana S Sobajic, Predrag B Djordjevic, Vesna S Dimitrijevic-Sreckovic, Vesna V Spasojevic-Kalimanovska and Brizita I Djordjevic. Effects of Total Fibre or Resistant Starch-Rich Diets within Lifestyle Intervention in Obese Prediabetic Adults. Eur J Nutr. 55, no. 1 (2016): 127-137.
  168. Gower, B. A., R. Bergman, D. Stefanovski, B. Darnell, F. Ovalle, G. Fisher, S. K. Sweatt, H. S. Resuehr, C. Pelkman. Baseline insulin sensitivity affects response to high-amylose maize resistant starch in women: a randomized, controlled trial.  Nutr Metab (Lond), 13, no. 1 (2016).
  169. Gumbrevicius, I. Unripe banana flour effect on bowel function of diabetic, constipated with chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment.  University of Sao Paulo Masters Thesis, Elizabete Wenzel de Menezes Advisor. Nov 2016.
  170. Hald, S., A. G. Schioldan, M. E. Moore, A. Dige, H. N. Laerke, J. Agnholt, K. E. Bach Knudsen, K. Hermansen, M. L. Marco, S. Gregersen, J. F. Dahlerup, Effects of arabinoxylan and resistant starch on intestinal microbiota and short-chain fatty acids in subjects with metabolic syndrome: a randomised crossover study. PLoS ONE 22, No. 7 (2016): e0159223.
  171. Hoffman Sarda, F. A., E. B. Giuntini, M. L. P. A. Gomez, M. C. Y. Lul, J. A. E. Negrini, C. C. Tadini, F. M. Lajolo, E. W. Menezes, Impact of resistant starch from unripe banana flour on hunger, satiety, and glucose homeostasis in healthy volunteers. J Funct Foods 24 (2016): 63-74.
  172. Johnsson, E.V., L. M.N.K. Ekstrom, C.M. Courtin, J.A. Delcour, A.C. Nilsson, I.M.E. Bjorck, E.M. Ostman. Effects of wheat bran extract rich in arabinoxylan oligosaccharides and resistant starch on overnight glucose tolerance and markers of gut fermentation in healthy  young adults. Eur J Nutr 55, No. 4 (2016):1661-1670.
  173. Karimi P., M.A. Farhangi, B. Sarmadi, B.P. Gargari, A. Zare Javid, M. Pouraghaei, P. Dehghan. The therapeutic potential for resistant starch in modulation of insulin resistance, endotoxemia, oxidative stress and antioxidant biomarkers in women with Type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Ann Nutr Metab, 68, no. 2 (2016): 85-93.
  174. Mohan V, R. M. Anjana, R. Gayathri, M. Ramya Bai, N. Lakshmipriya, V. Ruchi, K. K. Balasubramaniyam, M. M. Jakir, S. Shobana, R. Unnikrishnan, K. Krishnaswamy, J. K. Henry, V. Sudha. Glycemic Index of a Novel High-Fiber White Rice Variety Developed in India—A Randomized Control Trial Study. Diabetes Technol. Ther.18, no. 3 (2016): 164-170.
  175. Oladele, Ebun-Oluwa, and Gary Williamson. Impact of resistant starch in three plantain (Musa AAB) products on glycaemic response of healthy volunteers. Eur J Nutr (2016): 55: 75-81.
  176. Venkataraman, A., J. R. Sieber, A. W. Schmidt, C. Waldron, K. R. Theis, T. M. Schmidt. Variable responses of human microbiomes to dietary supplementation with resistant starch. Microbiome.  4, No. 1 (2016): 1-9.
  177. Wolever, T. M. S., J-W. van Klinken, N. Bordenave, M. Kaczmarczyk, A. L. Jenkins, YF. Chu, L. Harkness. Reformulating cereal bars: high resistant starch reduces in vitro digestibility but no in vivo glucose or insulin response; whey protein reduces glucose but disproportionately increases insulin. Am J Clin Nutr. 104, No. 4 (2016): 995-1003. A Letter to the Editor disputes the conclusions of this study. See also conference abstract. van Klinken, B. J-W., T. Wolever, M. Kaczmarczyk, D. Bolster, A. Jenkins, L. Harkness. Effect of Resistant Starch and Protein in Energy Bars on Circulating Glucose and Insulin. The FASEB Journal. 29, no. 1 Supplement (2015).
  178. Ble-Castillo, J. L., I. E. Juarez-Rojop, C. A. Tovilla-Zarate, C. Garcia-Vazquez, M. Z. Servin-Cruz, A. Rodriguez-Hernandez, C. I. Araiza-Saldana, A.M. Nolasco-Coleman, J. C. Diaz-Zagroya. Acute consumption of resistant starch reduces food intake but has no effect on appetite ratings in healthy subjects. Nutrients 9 (2017):696.
  179. Emilien, C.H., W.H. Hsu, J. H. Hollis. Effect of resistant wheat starch on subjective appetite and food intake in healthy adults. Nutrition 43-44 (2017): 69-74.
  180. Gonçalves, G. V, W.B Iserhard, B. B. Thomé, R. Canova, R. Frandoloso, L.C. Kreutz, F. Fornari. Dietary fiber and water improve bowel function and fecal microbiota in healthy subjects: a randomized clinical trial. Gastroenterology 152, no. 5 (2017): S754. Conference abstract.
  181. Hamilton, K, T. Crowe, B. Chapman, P. DeCruz, A. Testro. The addition of high amylase resistant starch to reduce stool output in patients with short bowel syndrome. Transplantation 101, Issue 6S2 (2017): S76.
  182. Maier, T.V., M. Lucio, L.H. Lee, N. C. VerBerkmoes, C.J. Brislawn, J. Bernhardt, R. Lamendella, J.E. McDermott, N. Bergeron, W.S. Heinzmann, J.T. Morton, A. Gonzalz, G. Ackermann, R. Knight, K. Riedel, R.M. Krauss, P. Schmitt-Kopplin, J.K. Jansson. Impact of dietary resistant starch on the human gut microbiome, metaproteome, and metabolome. MBio, 8, no. 5, (2017): 16 pages.
  183. Malcomson, F. C., N. D. Willis, I. McCallum, L. Xie, I. Ibero-Baraibar, W. C. Leung, S. Kelly, D. M. Bradburn, N. J. Belshaw, I. T. Johnson, J. C. Mathers. Effects of supplementation with nondigestible carbohydrates on fecal calprotectin and on epigenetic regulation of SFRP1 expression in the large-bowel mucosa of healthy individuals. Am J Clin Nutr 105, no, 2 (2017): 400-410. See also conference abstract.  Malcomson, F., N. D. Willis, I. McCallum, L. Xie, W. Leung, S. B. Kelly, M. Bradburn, N. J. Belshaw, I. T. Johnson and J. C. Mathers. Anti-Neoplastic Effects of Non-Digestible Carbohydrates on Wnt Signalling Pathway Gene Expression and Its Functional Outcomes in the Large Bowel: A Human Dietary Intervention Study. Proc Nutr Soc. 73, no. OCE1 (2014).
  184. Malcomson, F. C., N. D. Willis, I. McCallum, L. Xie, B. Lagerwaard, S. Kelly, M. Bradburn, N. J. Belshaw, I. T. Johnson, J. C. Mathers. Non-digestible carbohydrates supplementation increases miR-32 expression in the healthy human colorectal epithelium: a randomized controlled trial. Molecular Carcinogenesis. 56, no. 9 (2017); 2104-2111.
  185. Malcomson, F.C., N.D. Willis, I. McCallum, L. Xie, B. Wagerwaard, S. Kelly, M. Bradburn, N.J. Belshaw, I.T. Johnson, J.C. Mathers. Whole MiRNome profiling of the effects of non-digestible carbohydrates on microRNA expression in the healthy human colorectal epithelium: a randomised controlled trial. Proc Nutr Soc. 76, OCE4 (2017): E186. Conference abstract.
  186. Maziarz, M. P., S. Preisendanz, S. Juma, V. Imrhan, C. Prasad, P. Vijayagopal. Resistant starch lowers postprandial glucose and leptin in overweight adults consuming a moderate-to-high-fat diet: a randomized-controlled trial. Nutrition Journal 16, no. 1 (21 Feb 2017): 14.
  187. Oraee, R., A. Alzaabi, M. D. Robertson, B. A. Fielding. Different methods of cooking starchy-carbohydrate foods and its impact on postprandial lipid metabolism. Proc Nutr Soc. 76, OCE4 (2017): E154. Conference abstract.
  188. Palacios, O. M., K. M Nieman, C. M. Cook, K. C. Maki. Evaluation of a reduced sampling schedule for assessment of pancreatic beta-cell function with the intravenous glucose tolerance test during a dietary intervention. The FASEB Journal. (2017) 31(1 Supplement): lb284. Conference abstract.
  189. Putu, P., W. Fiastutu, J. Kurniarobbi. The effect of resistant starch from riped and unriped Musca spp on blood glucose during 10.000 m endurance running. Advanced Science Letters. 23 (2017): 6778-6781.
  190. Putu, P., W. Fiastuti, J. Kurniarobbi. The effect of resistant starch from banana (musca spp) on fatigue response and running time during 10.000 m endurance running. Advanced Science Letters. 23 (2017): 6782 – 6785.
  191. Ribeiro Vieira, C. F. Laurides Ribeiro de Oliveira Lomeu, M. E. de Castro Moreira, H. Stampini Duarte Martino, R. Ribeiro Silva. Clinical application of a cocoa and unripe banana flour beverage for overweight women with abdominal obesity: Prospective, double-blinded and randomized clinical trial. J Food Biochem. 41, no. 3 (2017): e12372.
  192. Sandberg, J. C., I. M. E. Bjorck, A. C. Nilsson. Effects of whole grain rye, with and without resistant starch type 2 supplementation, on glucose tolerance, gut hormones, inflammation and appetite regulation in an 11-14.5 hour perspective; a randomized controlled study in healthy subjects. Nutr J, 16, no. 1 (2017): 25.
  193. Wang, H., G. Pang, Effect of resistant and digestible rice starches on human cytokine and lactate metabolic networks in serum. Cytokine. 93 (2017): 57-65.
  194. Schioldan, A. G., S. Gregersen, S. Hald, A. Bjornshave, M. Bohl, B. Hartmann, J. J. Holst, H. Stodkilde-Jorgensen, K. Hermansen. Effects of a diet rich in arabinoxylan and resistant starch compared with a diet rich in refined carbohydrates on postprandial metabolism and features of the metabolic syndrome. Eur J Nutr, 57, no. 2 (2018): 795-807.
  195. Wutzke, K.D., K.V. Schmidek. The effect of resistant starch on fat oxidation in healthy adults as measured by a 13CO2-breath test. Isotope Environ Health Stud, 53, no. 6 (2017): 553-562.
  196. Alfa M. J., D. Strang, P. S. Tappia, M. Graham, G. Van Dormselaar, J. D. Forbes, V. Laminman, N. Olson, P. DeGagne, D. Bray, B-L. Murray, B. Dufault, L. M. Lix. A randomized trial to determine the impact of a digestion resistant starch composition on the gut microbiome in older and mid-age adults.  Clin Nutr 37, no. 3 (2018): 797-807.
  197. Alfa, M.J., D. Strrang, P.S. Tappia, N. Olson, P. DeGagne, D. Bray, B-L. Murray, B. Hiebert. A randomized placebo controlled clinical trial to determine the impact of digestion resistant starch MSPrebiotic(R) on glucose, insulin and insulin resistance in elderly and mid-aged adults. Front Med. 4 (2018): 260.
  198. Al-Mana, N.M., M.D. Robertson. The impact of body mass index status on appetite responses and food intake following acute consumption of resistant starch. Proc Nutr Soc. 77, no. OCE2 (2018): E36.
  199. Aoe S., F. Nakamura, S. Fujiwara. Effect of wheat bran on fecal butyrate-producing bacteria and wheat bran combined with barley on Bacteroides abundance in Japanese healthy adults. Nutrients. 10, no 12 (2018): 1980.
  200. Bush, J.R., Alfa M.J. Decreasing levels of sporacetigenium correlate with improved diabetic parameters in healthy adults consuming MSPrebiotic(R) digestion resistant starch. J Aging Res Clin Pract. 7 (2018):176-180.
  201. Chan, Y-T., S. Aufreiter, S.J. O’Keefe, D.L. O’Connor. Switching to a fibre-rich and low-fat diet increaes colonic folate contents among African Americans. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab., 44, no. 2 (2018): 127-132.
  202. Esgalhado M., J.A. Kemp, R. Azevedo, B.R. Paiva, M. B. Stockler-Pinto, C.J. Dolenga, N.A. Borges, L.S. Nakao, D. Mafra. Could resistant starch supplementation improve inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers and uremic toxins levels in hemodialysis patients? A pilot randomized controlled trial. Food & Function. 9, no. 12 (2018): 6508-6516.
  203. Fadlilah, S. H., Sunarti, A. Farmawati. Effect of rich resistant starch snack on MCP-1 promoter methylation and triglycerides levels in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) 50, no. 2 (2018): 230-238.
  204. Genoni, A., J. Lo, P. Lyons-Wall, M. C. Boyce. A Paleolithic diet lowers resistant starch intake but does not affect serum trimethylamine-N-oxide concentrations in healthy women. Br J Nutr. 121, no. 3 (2019): 322-329.
  205. Hamilton, K., T. Crowe, A. Testro. High amylase resistant starch to decrease stool output in people with short bowel syndrome: A pilot trial. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 29 (2019):242-244.
  206. Khosroshahi H. T., N. D. Vaziri, B. Abedi, B. H. Asl, M. Ghojazadeh, W. Jing, A. M. Vatankha. Effect of high amylose resistant starch (HAM-RS2) supplementation on biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress in hemodialysis patients: a randomized clinical trial. Hemodial Int. 22, no. 4 (2018): 492-500.
  207. Macedo, Renata de Azevedo. Efeito da suplementação com amido resistente sobre a expressão do receptor aril hidrocarboneto em pacientes em hemodiálise. (Effect of starch supplementation on the expression of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in hemodialysis patients). 2018. 64 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Cardiovasculares) – Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói. Master’s Thesis in Portuguese.
  208. Peterson, CM, Beyl RA, Marlatt KL, Martin CK, Aryana KJ, Marco ML, Martin RJ, Keenan MJ, Ravussin E. Effect of 12 wk of resistant starch supplementation on cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with prediabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 108, no. 3 (Sept 2018): 492-501.
  209. Sandberg, J. C., I. M. E. Bjorck, A. C. Nilsson. Impact of rye-based evening meals on cognitive functions, mood and cardiometabolic risk factors: a randomized controlled study in healthy middle-aged subjects. Nutr J. 17 (2018): 102.
  210. Vital, M, Howe A, Bergeron N, Krauss RM, Jansson JK, Tiedje JM Metagenomic insights into resistant starch degradation by human gut microbiota. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 84, no. 23 (2018): e01562-18.
  211. Yagi M, Takabe W, Wickramasinghe U, Okuda F, Kon M, Fujimura A, Nakamoto H, Takahara J, Yonei Y. Effect of heat-moisture-treated high-amylose corn starch-containing food on postprandial blood glucose. Glycative Stress Research. 2018: 5(3): 151-162.
  212. Yoshifuji, K., et al. Clinical Efficacy of Prebiotics on Transplant-Related Complications. Blood, 132, no. Suppl 1(2018), 4573.
  213. Zafar, T.A. High amylose cornstarch preloads stabilized postprandial blood glucose but failed to reduce satiety or food intake in healthy women. Appetite. 131 (2018): 1-6.
  214. Adyarini DD, Sinorita H, IKhsan MR. The effect of providing food made from resistant starch fiber (Dioscorea Esculenta, Maranta Arundinaceae L, Cucurbita Moschata, Manihot Utilissma) on the improvement of glycated albumin in type 2 diabetes mellitu patients at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital. Acta Interna The Journal of Internal Medicine. 9, no. 1 (2019):1-7.
  215. Balamurugan, R., S. Pugazhendhi, G.M. Balachander, T. Dharmalingam, E.K. Mortimer, G.L. Gopalsamy, R.J. Woodman, R. Meng, D.H. Alpers, M. Manary, H.J. Binder, I.L. Brown, G.P. Young, B. S. Ramakrishna. Effect of native and acetylated dietary resistant starches on intestinal fermentative capacity of normal and stunted children in southern India. Int J Environ Res Public Health (2019) 16:3922.
  216. Baxter, N.T., A.W. Schmidt, A. Venkataraman, K.W. Kim, C. Waldron, T.M. Schmidt. Dynamics of human gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids in response to dietary interventions with three fermentable fibers. mBio 10, no. 1 (2019), e02566-18.
  217. Cappellari, Fernanda Toaldo. Desenvolvimento de uma panqueca com biomassa de banana verde e seu efeito agudo em sinais subjetivos de fome e saciedade. 2019 Master’s thesis, Universidade do Vale do Rios dos Sinos.  (Thesis is in Portuguese.)
  218. Cassettari VM, Machado NC, Louren ̧cão PL, Carvalho MA, Ortolan EV. Combinations of laxatives and green banana biomass on the treatment of functional constipation in children and adolescents: a randomized study. J Pediatr (Rio J). 95, no. 1(2019): 27-33.
  219. Costa ES, Franca CN, Fonseca FAH, Kato JT, Bianco HT, Freitas TT, Fonseca HAR, Neto AMF, Izar MC. Beneficial effects of green banana biomass consumption in patients with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Br J Nutr. 121, no. 12 (2019):1365-1375.
  220. Eshghi, F., F. Bakhshimoghaddeam, Y. Rasmi, M. Alizadeh. Effects of resistant starch supplementation on glucose metabolism, lipid profile, lipid peroxidation marker, and oxidative stress in overweight and obese adults: randomized, double-blind, crossover trial. Clin Nutr Res 8, no. 4 (2019): 318-328.
  221. Flowers S.A., N.T. Baxter, K.M. Ward, A.Z. Kraal, M.G. McInnis, T.M. Schmidt, V.L. Ellingrod. Effects of atypical antipsychotic treatment and resistant starch supplementation on gut microbiome composition in a cohort of patients with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia. Pharmacotherapy, 39, no. 2 (2019): 161-170.
  222. Garcia-Vazquez, C., J.L. Ble-Castillo, Y. Arias-Cordova, R. Cordova-Uscanga, C.A. Tovilla-Zarate, I.E. Juarez-Rojop, V. Olvera-Hernandez, C.S. Alvarez-Villagomez, A.M. Nolasco-Coleman, J.C. Diaz-Zagoya. Effects of resistant starch ingestion on postprandial lipemia and subjective appeetite in overweight or obese subjects. Int J Environ Res Public Health (2019) 16:3827.
  223. Giles, E.D., I. L. Brown, P. S. MacLean, Z. Pan, E. L. Melanson, K. J. Heard, M-C. Cornier, T. Marden, J. A. Higgins. The in vivo net energy content of resistant starch and its effect on  macronutrient oxidation in healthy adults. Nutrients 11 (2019): 2484.
  224. Hodges, C., F. Archer, M. Chowdhury, B.L. Evans, D.J. Ghelani, M. Mortoglou, F.M. Guppy. Method of food preparation influences blood glucose response to a high-carbohydrate meal: a randomised cross-over trial. Foods, 9, no. 1 (2019): 23.
  225. Hughes, R., M. Marco, M. Kable, N. Keim. Effect modification by the gut microbiota on metabolic response to resistant starch (RS) wheat supplementation (FS11-03-19). Curr Dev Nutr 3, Suppl 1 (2019): nzz037.FS11-03-19.
  226. Khosroshahi, H. T., B. Abedi, M. Ghojazadeh, A. Samadi, A. Jouyban. Effects of fermentable high fiber diet supplementation on gut derived and conventional nitrogenous product in patients on maintenance hemodialysis: a randomized controlled trial. Nutr Metab (Lond). 16, no. 1 (2019): 18.
  227. Laffin, M.R., H. Tayebi Khosroshahi, H. Park, L.J. Laffin, K. Madsen, H. S. Kafil, B. Abedi, S. Shiralizadeh, N.D. Vaziri. Amylose resistant starch (HAM-RS2) supplementation increases the proportion of Faecalibacterium bacteria in end-stage renal disease patients: Microbial analysis from a randomizzed placebo-controlled trial Hemodial Int. 23, no. 3 (2019): 343-347.
  228. Maragoudakis, Sofia. Effect of resistant starch on the glycemic effect of a meal. Master of Science thesis in Nutrition, University of the Incarnate Word, San Antonio, Texas. 2019, Theses & Dissertations. 349.
  229. Meng, Y., H. Bai, Q Yu, J. Yan, L. Zhao, S. Wang, Z. Li, Q. Wang, L. Chen. High-resistant starch, low-protein flour intervention on patients with early type 2 diabetic nephropathy: a randomized trial. J Ren Nutr, 29, no. 5 (2019): 386-393.
  230. O’Keefe, S.J., B. Methe, A. Morris, A. Wilson, H. Kaseb, K. Newton, V.G. Naidoo. Differences in the gastroesophageal microbiome and diet that might contribute to the extreme risk of squamous cell cancer in the esophagus in rural Africans. Gastroenterology, 156, no. 6, Supplement 1 (2019): S683-S684. Conference abstract
  231. Patterson, M.A., J.N. Fong, M. Maiya, S. Kung, A. Sarkissian, N, Nashef, W. Wang. Chilled potatoes decrease postprandial glucose, insulin, and glucose-dependent insulinotrophic peptide compared to boiled potatoes in females with elevated fasting glucose and insulin. Nutrients. 11 (2019): 2066. See also 2 conference abstracts: (1) Lenz, R. J.N. Fong, H. Parker, W. Wang, A. Sarkissian, N. Nashef, S. Kung, M. Patterson. Body composition, diet and Russet potato resistant starch influence glycemic control. Curr Dev Nutr. 3, Suppl 1 (2019): P08-088-19, and (2) Parker H, S. Kung, J.N. Fong, A. Sarkissian, M. Maiya, N. Nashef, R. Lenz, M. Patterson. Consuming chilled Russet potatoes high in resistant starch improves postprandial insulin and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide in overweight females. Curr Dev Nutr. 3, Suppl 1 (2019): P08-089-19.
  232. Petropoulou, Aikaterini. The role of plant-based food structures on gastrointestinal digestion, colonic fermentation and glucose homeostasis. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London. Prof. Gary Frost and Edward Chambers Advisors, Apr 2019.
  233. Pretorius A.R., M. Bodinier, L. S. Prescott, J. D. Palmer. Maternal fiber dietary intakes during pregnancy and infant allergic disease. Nutrients. 11, no. 8 (2019): 1767.
  234. Riwes MM, et al. Rational modification of intestinal microbiome and metabolites after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with resistant starch: a pilot study. Blood. 134, Supplement 1 (2019): 3276.
  235. Sasidharan BK, Ramadass B, Viswanathan PN, Samuel P, Gowri M, Pugazhendhi S, Ramakrishna BS. A phase 2 randomized controlled trial of oral resistant starch supplements in the prevention of acute radiation proctitis in patients treated for cervical cancer.  J Cancer Res Ther. 15, no. 6 (2019): 1383-1391.
  236. Tran, T.T.T., F.J. Cousin, D.B. Lynch, R. Menon, J. Brulc, J R-M. Brown, E. O’Herlihy, L.F. Butto, K. Power, I.B. Jeffery, E.M. O’Connor, P.W. O’Toole. Prebiotic supplementation in frail older people affects specific gut microbiota taxa but not global diversity. Microbiome. 7, no. 1 (2019): 39.
  237. Yamaguchi, T., Y. Enoki, K. Sasagawa, S. Fujimura. Evaluation of postprandial glycemic response and physical properties of high-amylose rice “Koshinokaori”. J. Nutr Sci Vitaminol. 65 (2019): S117-S121.
  238. Zhang, L, Ouyang Y, Li H, Shen L, Ni Y, Fang Q, Wu G, Qian L, Xiao Y, Zhang J, Yin P, Panagiotou, Xu G, Ye J, Jia W. Metabolic phenotypes and the gut microbiota in response to dietary resistant starch type 2 in normal-weight subjects: a randomized crossover trial. Scientific Reports. 9 (2019):4736.
  239. Corrado M, Murillo AC, Chambers ES, Wood AJ, Plummer A, Lovegrove A, Edwards C, Frost G, Hazard BA. Effect of semolina pudding prepared from starch branching enzyme II a and b mutant wheat on glycaemic response in vitro and in vivo: a randomised controlled pilot study. Food Funct. 11, no. 1 (2020): 617-627.
  240. Saito, Y., T. Watanabe, T. Sasaki, K. Watanaabe, M. Hirayama, N. Fujita. Effects of single ingestion of rice cracker and cooked rice with high resistant starch on postprandial glucose and insulin responses in healthy adults: two randomized, single-blind, cross-over trials. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem, 84, no. 2 (2020): 1-7.
  241. Malcomson, F.C., N.D. Willis, I. McCallum, N. Shivappa, M. Wirth, J. Hebert, B. Kocaadam, A. Ozturan, S. Kelly, D.M. Bradburn, N.J. Belshaw, I.T. Johnson, J.C. Mathers. Relationships between Dietary Inflammatory Index score and markers of inflammation and WNT signalling in the healthy colorectal mucosa. Proc Nutr Soc. 79, OCE1 (2020): E16. Conference abstract.
  242. de Oliveira Lomeu, F.L.R., C.R. Vieira, F.D. Lucia, S.M.O.M. Veiga, H.S.D. Martino, R.R. Silva. Cocoa and unripe banana flour beverages improve anthropometric and biochemical markers in overweight women: a randomised double-blind study. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. Epub 5 Feb 2020.
  243. de Paiva, B.R., M. Esgalhado, N.A. Borges, J.A. Kemp, G. Alves, P.E. Correa Leite, R. Macedo, L. F.M.F. Cardozo, de Brito, J.S., D. Mafra. Resistant starch supplementation attenuates inflammation in hemodialysis patients: a pilot study. Int Urol Nephrol. 52 (2020): 549-555.
  244. Esgalhado, M., J. Kemp, B.R. Regis Paiva, J. Brito, L.F.M.G. Cardozo, R. Azevedo, D.B. Cunha, L. Nakao, D. Mafra. Resistant starch type 2 enriched cookies modulate uremic toxins and inflammation in hemodialysis patients: a randomized, double-blind, crossover and placebo-controlled trial. Food Funct. 11, no. 3 (2020): 2617-2625.
  245. Nomura, N., T. Miyoshi, Y. Hamada, E. Kitazono. Glycemic index of boiled BARLEYmax(R) in healthy Japanese subjects. J Cereal Sci. 93 (2020): 102959.
  246. Sarmin, M., M.I. Hossain, S.B. Islam, N.H. Alam, S.A. Sarker, M.Islam, M.J. Chisti, S.M.R. Islam, M. Mahfuz, T. Ahmed. Efficacy of a green banana-mixed diet in the management of persistent diarrhea: protocol for an open-labeled, randomized controlled trial. JMIR Res Protoc 9, no. 3 (2020):e15759.
  247. White, U., C.M. Peterson, R.A. Beyl, C.K. Martin, E. Ravussin. Resistant starch has no effect on appetite and food intake in individuals with prediabetesJ Acad Nutr Diet. 120, no. 6 (2020): 1034-1041.
  248. Malcomson, F.C., N.D. Willis, I. McCallum, L. Xie, A.C. Ouwehand, J.D. Stowell, S. Kelly, D.M. Bradburn, N.J. Belshaw, I.T. Johnson, J.C. Mathers. Resistant starch supplementation increases crypt cell proliferative state in the rectal mucosa of older healthy participants. Br J Nutr. 124, no. 4 (2020): 374-385.
  249. Binou , P., A.E. Uanni, A. Stergiou, K. Karavasilis, P. Konstantopoulos, D. Perrea, N. Tentolouris, V.T. Karathanos. Enrichment of bread with beta-glucans or resistant starch induces similar glucose, insulin and appetite hormone responses in healthy adults. Eur J Nutr 60, no. 1 (2021):455-464. Epub 8 May 2020.
  250. Azevedo, R, M. Esgalhado, J.A. Kemp, B. Regis, L.F.M.F. Cardoza, L.S. Nakao, J.S. Brito, D. Mafra. Resistant starch supplementation effects on plasma indole 3-acetic acid and aryl hydrocarbon receptor mRNA expression in hemodialysis patients: Randomized, double blind and controlled clinical trial. Bras. J. Nefrol. 42 (2020):273-279.
  251. Fong, J.N., S. Kung, D. Miketinas, N. Ajami, W. Wang, M. Patterson. Microbiome composition and relationships among gycemic responses following resistant starch intake from potatoes. Curr Dev Nutr no. 4, Supplement 2 (2020): 1577.
  252. Sissons, M., F. Sestili, E. Botticella, S. Masci, D. Lafiandra. Can manipulation of durum wheat amylose content reduce the Glycaemic Index of spaghetti? Foods 9, no. 6 (2020): 693.
  253. Robertson, T., B. Fielding, J. Brown, D. Robertson. Comparison of the effects of freshly cooked or reheated mashed potato, prepared with different solid fat spreads, on postprandial glycemia. Current Developments in Nutrition. 4, Suppl 2 (2020): 654.
  254. Johnstone, A.M., J. Kelly, S. Ryan, R. Romero-Gonzalez, H McKinnon, C. Fyfe, E. Naslund, R. Lopez-Nicolas, D. Bosscher, A. Bonnema, C. Frontela-Saseta, G. Ros-Berruezo, G. Horgan, X. Ze, J. Harrold, J. Halford, S.W. Gratz, S.H. Duncan, S. Shirazi-Beechey, H.J. Flint. Nondigestible carbohydrates affect metabolic health and gut microbiota in overweight adults after weight loss. J Nutr. 150, no. 7 (2020): 1859-1870.
  255. Lotfollahi, Z., A.P.Q. Mello, E.S. Costa, C.L.P. Oliveira, N.R.T. Damasceno, M.C. Izar, A.M.F. Neto. Green-banana biomass consumption by diabetic patients improves plasma low-density lipoprotein particle functionality. Sci Reports 10, no. 1 (2020): 12269.
  256. Ang, K., C. Bourgy, H. Fenton, A. Regina, M. Newberry, D. Diepeveen, D. Lafiandra, S. Grafenauer, W. Hunt, V. Solah. Noodles made from high amylose wheat flour attenuate postprandiual glycaemia in healthy adults. Nutrients 12, no. 8 (2020): 2171.
  257. Bush, J.R., M.J. Alfa. Increasing levels of Parasutterella in the gut microbiome correlate with improving low-density lipoprotein levels in healthy adults consuming resistant potato starch during a randomised trial. BMC Nutrition. 6, no. 1(2020):72.
  258. Robertson, T.M., J.E. Brown, B.A. Fielding, M.D. Robertson. The cumulative effects of chilling and reheating a carbohydrate-based pasta meal on the postprandial glycemic response: a pilot study. Eur J Clin Nutr (2020) Epub 2 Sep 2020.
  259. Gunasekaran, D., A. Chandramohan, K. Karthikeyan, B. Balasubramaniam, P. Jagadeesan, P. Soundararajan. Effect of green banana (Musa paradisiaca) on recovery in children with acute watery diarrhea with no dehydration – a randomized controlled trial. Indian Pediatr. 57, no. 12(2020):1114-1118.
  260. Yoshifuji, K., et al. Prebiotics protect against acute graft-versus-host-disease and preserve the gut microbiota in stem cell transplantation. Blood Advances. 4, no. 19 (2020): 4607-4617.
  261. Petropoulou, K., et al. A natural mutation in Pisum sativum L. (pea) alters starch assembly and improves glucose homeostasis in humans. Nat Food 1 (2020):693-704.
  262. Hymavathi, T.V.,  E. Jyothsna, T. Pradeepa Robert, V. Teja Sri. Effect of resistant starch (RS) rich sorghum food consumption on lipids and glucose levels of diabetic subjects. J Pharm Res Int. 32, no. 30(2020): 86-92.
  263. Belobrajdic, D.P., A.R. Bird.  Evaluation of an ileorectostomised rat model for resistant starch determination. Nutrients 13, no. 1 (2020): 91.
  264. Dodevska, M.S., S.S. Sobajic, V.D. Dragicevic, I. Stankovic, D.Dj. Ivanovic, B.I. Djordjevic. The impact of diet and fibre fractions on plasma adipocytokine levels in pre diabetic adultsNutrients. 13, no. 2 (2021):487.
  265. Becker, A., G.P. Schmartz, L. Groeger, N. Grammes, V. Galata, H. Philippeit, J. Weiland, N. Ludwig, E. Meese, S. Tierling, J. Walter, A. Schwiertz, J. Spiegel, G. Wagenpfeil, K. Fassbender, A. Keller, M.M. Unger. Effects of resistant starch on symptoms, fecal markers and gut microbiota in Parkinson’s disease – The RESISTA-PD TrialmedRxiv. Pub 8 Feb 2021.
  266. de Andrade, L.S., F.A. Sarda, N.B. Pereira, R.R. Teixeira, S.D. Rodrigues, J.D. de Lima, M.A. Dalboni, D.T. Aoike, L.S. Nakao, L. Cuppari. Effect of unripe banana flour on gut-derived uremic toxins in individuals undergoing peritoneal dialysis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trialNutrients 13, no. 2 (2021): 646.
  267. Hughes, R.L., W.H. Horn, P. Finnegan, J.W. Newman, M.L. Marco, N.L. Keim, M.E. Kable. Resistant starch type 2 from wheat reduces postprandial glycemic response with concurrent alterations in gut microbiota compositionNutrients 13, no. 2 (2021): 645.
  268. Giuberti, G.,  E. Albertini, G.A.D. Miggiano, M. Dall’Asta, F. Rossi. Effect of biscuits formulated with high-amylose maize flour on satiety-related sensations and food intakeInt J Food Sci Nut. Epub 17 Apr 2021.
  269. Sarmin, M., I. Hossain, S.B. Islam, S. Shikha, N.H. Alan, S.A. Sarker, M.M. Islam, R. Islam, M. Muahfuz, J. Chisti, T. Ahmed. Green banana mixed diet is beneficial in the management of childhood persistent diarrhea: an open, randomized-controlled trial.  The Lancet Epub 28 Apr 2021.
  270. Jaago, M., U.S. Timmusk, T. Timmusk, K. Palm. Drastic effects on the mcirobiome of a young rower engaged in high-endurance exercise after a month usage of a dietary fiber supplement. Front Nutr. 8: (2021) 654008.
  271. Kang, J.W., X. Tang, A. Zivkovic. A novel prebiotic supplement increases Bifidobacteria abundance in participants consuming low-fiber dietsCurrent Developments in Nutrition. 5, Supplement 2 (2021):1163.
  272. Mohr, A.E., O. Minicucci, D. Long, V.J. Miller, A. Keller, C. Sheridan, G. O’Brien, E. Ward, B. Schüler, S. Connelly, J.J. Holst, A. Astrup, F. He, C.L. Gentile, P.J. Arciero. Resistant starch combined with whey protein increases postprandial metabolism and lowers glucose and insulin responses in healthy adult menFoods 10, no. 3. (2021): 537.
  273. Calder, N., K. Walsh, P. Olupot-Olupot, T. Ssenyondo, R. Muhindo, A. Mpoya, J. Brignardello, X. Wang, E. McKay, D. Morrison, E. Holmes, G. Frost, K. Maitland. Modifying gut integrity and micro biome in children with severe acute malnutrition using legume-based foods (MIMBLE): a pilot trial. Cell Reports Medicine. 2, no. 5 (2021): 100280.