Chronological List of RS Clinicals

For those of you who are data-driven, this page lists of clinical (human) studies with unmodified resistant starch (type RS1, RS2, RS3), organized by date of publication. For explanations on the demonstrated benefits, see the health benefits page.

  1. Chen, Y.-T., M. Cornblath, J. B. Sidbury. Cornstarch therapy in Type 1 Glycogen-Storage Disease. New Engl J Med. 310, no. 3 (1984):171-175.
  2. Englyst, H.N., J.H. Cummings. Digestion of the polysaccharides of some cereal foods in the human small intestine. Am J Clin Nutr. 42, no. 5 (1985): 778-87.
  3. Englyst H. N., J. H. Cummings. Digestion of the carbohydrates of banana (Musa paradisiaca sapientum) in the human small intestine). Am J Clin Nutr. 44, no. 1 (1986): 42-50.
  4. Krezowski, P. A., F. Q. Nuttall, M. C. Gannon, C. J. Billington and S. Parker. Insulin and Glucose Responses to Various Starch-Containing Foods in Type II Diabetic Subjects. Diabetes Care. 10, no. 2 (1987): 205-12.
  5. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield and J. Canary. Effect of Starch Structure on Glucose and Insulin Responses in Adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 47, no. 3 (1988): 428-32.
  6. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield, I. Yuhaniak and J. Canary. Diets Containing High Amylose Vs Amylopectin Starch: Effects on Metabolic Variables in Human Subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 49, no. 2 (1989): 337-44.
  7. Reiser S., A.S. Powell, D.J. Scholfield, P. Panda, M. Fields, J.J. Canary. Day-long glucose, insulin, and fructose responses of hyperinsulinemic and nonhyperinsulinemic men adapted to diets containing either fructose or high-amylose cornstarch. Am J Clin Nutr. 50, no. 5 (1989): 1008-1014.
  8. Tomlin, J. and N. W. Read. The Effect of Resistant Starch on Colon Function in Humans. Br J Nutr. 64, no. 2 (1990): 589-95.
  9. Heile M, Ghoos Y, Rutgeerets P, Vantrappen G, de Buyser K. 13CO2 breath test to measure the hydrolysis of various starch formulations in healthy subjects. Gut. 31 (1990):175-178.
  10. Hermansen, K., O. Rasmussen, S. Gregersen, S. Larsen. Influence of ripeness of banana on the blood glucose and insulin response in type 2 diabetic subjects. Diabetic Medicine. 9, no. 8 (1992): 739-743.
  11. van Amelsvoort, J. M. and J. A. Weststrate. Amylose-Amylopectin Ratio in a Meal Affects Postprandial Variables in Male Volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr. 55, no. 3 (1992): 712-8.
  12. Chrystl SU, Murgatroyd PR, Gibson GR, Cummings JH. Production, metabolism and excretion of hydrogen in the large intestine. Gastroenterology. 102, no. 4 (1992): 1269-1277.
  13. Faisant, N., M. Champ, P. Colonna, A. Buleon. Structural discrepancies in resistant starch obtained in vivo in humans and in vitro. Carbohydrate Polymers. 21, no. 2-3 (1993): 205-209.
  14. Weststrate, J. A. and J. M. van Amelsvoort. Effects of the Amylose Content of Breakfast and Lunch on Postprandial Variables in Male Volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr. 58, no. 2 (1993): 180-6.
  15. Hospers, Jeannette J., Johan M. M. Van Amelsvoort and Jan A. Weststrate. Amylose-to-Amylopectin Ratio in Pastas Affects Postprandial Glucose and Insulin Responses and Satiety in Males. Journal of Food Science. 59, no. 5 (1994): 1144-1149.
  16. Olesen, M., J. J. Rumessen and E. Gudmand-Hoyer. Intestinal Transport and Fermentation of Resistant Starch Evaluated by the Hydrogen Breath Test. Eur J Clin Nutr. 48, no. 10 (1994): 692-701.
  17. Raben A., A. Tagliabue, N. J. Christensen, J. Madsen, J. J. Holst, A. Astrup. Resistant starch: the effect on postprandial glycemia, hormonal response, and satiety. Am J Clin Nutr. 60, no. 4 (1994): 544-51.
  18. van Munster, I. P., H. M. de Boer, M. C. Jansen, A. F. de Haan, M. B. Katan, J. M. van Amelsvoort and F. M. Nagengast. Effect of Resistant Starch on Breath-Hydrogen and Methane Excretion in Healthy Volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr. 59, no. 3 (1994): 626-30.
  19. van Munster, I. P., A. Tangerman and F. M. Nagengast. Effect of Resistant Starch on Colonic Fermentation, Bile Acid Metabolism, and Mucosal Proliferation. Dig Dis Sci. 39, no. 4 (1994): 834-842.
  20. Behall, K. M. and J. C. Howe. Effect of Long-Term Consumption of Amylose Vs Amylopectin Starch on Metabolic Variables in Human Subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 61, no. 2 (1995): 334-40.
  21. Brown, I. L., K. J. McNaught and E. Moloney. Hi-Maize: New Directions in Starch Technology and Nutrition. Food Australia. 47, no. 6 (1995): 272-275.
  22. de Roos, N., M. L. Heijnen, C. de Graaf, G. Woestenenk and E. Hobbel. Resistant Starch Has Little Effect on Appetite, Food Intake and Insulin Secretion of Healthy Young Men. Eur J Clin Nutr. 49, no. 7 (1995): 532-41.
  23. Faisant, N., D. J. Gallant, B. Bouchet, M. Champ. Banana starch breakdown in the human small intestine studied by electron microscopy. Eur J Clin Nutr. 49, no. 2 (1995): 98-104.
  24. Faisant N., A. Buleon, P. Colonna, C. Molis, S. Lartigue, J. P. Galmiche, M. Champ. Digestion of raw banana starch in the small intestine of healthy humans: structural features of resistant starch. Br J Nutr. 73, no. 1 (1995): 111-123.
  25. Granfeldt, Y., A. Drews and I. Bjorck. Arepas Made from High Amylose Corn Flour Produce Favorably Low Glucose and Insulin Responses in Healthy Humans. J Nutr. 125, no. 3 (1995): 459-65.
  26. Lintas C, Cappelloni M, Adorisio S, Clementi A, Del Toma E. Effect of ripening on resistant starch and total sugars in Musa paradisiaca sapientum: Glycaemic and insulinaemic responses in normal subjects and NIDDM patients. Eur J Clin Nutr. 49, Suppl 3 (1995): S303-306.
  27. Muir, J. G., A. Birkett, I. Brown, G. Jones, K. O’Dea. Food processing and maize variety affects amounts of starch escaping digestion in the small intestine. Am J Clin Nutr. 61, no. 1 (1995): 82-89.
  28. Muir, J. G., Z. X. Lu, G. P. Young, D. Cameron-Smith, G. R. Collier, K. O’Dea. Resistant starch in the diet increases breath hydrogen and serum acetate in human subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 61, no. 4 (1995): 792-9.
  29. Nordgaard, I. P. B. Mortensen, A. M. Langkilde. Small intestinal malabsorption and colonic fermentation of resistant starch and resistant peptides to short-chain fatty acids. Nutrition. 11, no. 2(1995): 129-137.
  30. Phillips J, Muir JG, Birkett A, Lu ZX, Jones GP, and O’Dea K. Effect of resistant starch on fecal bulk and fermentation-dependent events in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 62 (1995):121-30.
  31. Tagliabue, A, A. Raben, M. L. Heijnen, P. Deurenberg, E. Pasquali, A. Astrup. The effect of raw potato starch on energy expenditure and substrate oxidation. Am J Clin Nutr. 61, no. 5 (1995): 1070-5.
  32. Birkett, A., J. Muir, J. Phillips, G. Jones and K. O’Dea. Resistant Starch Lowers Fecal Concentrations of Ammonia and Phenols in Humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 63, no. 5 (1996): 766-72.
  33. Botham, R. L., V. J. Morris, T. R. Noel, S. G. Ring. A study on the in vivo digestibility of retrograded starch. Carbohydr Polym. 29 (1996): 347-352.
  34. Cairns, P., V.J. Morris, R.L. Botham, S.G. Ring. Physicochemical studies on resistant starch in vitro and in vivo. J Cereal Sci. 1996; 265-275.
  35. Cummings, J. H., E. R. Beatty, S. M. Kingman, S. A. Bingham and H. N. Englyst. Digestion and Physiological Properties of Resistant Starch in the Human Large Bowel. Br J Nutr. 75, no. 5 (1996): 733-47.
  36. Englyst H. N., S. M. Kingman, G. J. Hudson, J. H. Cummings, Measurement of resistant starch in vitro and in vivo. Br J Nutr. 75, no. 5 (1996): 749-55.
  37. Goodpaster, B. H., D.L. Costill, W.J. Fink, T.A. Trappe, A.C. Jozsi, R.D. Starling, S.W. Trappe. The effects of pre-exercise starch ingestion on endurance performance. Int J Sports Med. 17, (1996): 366-372.
  38. Heijnen, M. L., J. M. van Amelsvoort, P. Deurenberg and A. C. Beynen. Neither Raw nor Retrograded Resistant Starch Lowers Fasting Serum Cholesterol Concentrations in Healthy Normolipidemic Subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 64, no. 3 (1996): 312-8.
  39. Howe, J. C., W. V. Rumpler and K. M. Behall. Dietary Starch Composition and Level of Energy Intake Alter Nutrient Oxidation in “Carbohydrate-Sensitive” Men. J Nutr. 126, no. 9 (1996): 2120-9.
  40. Jozsi, A. C., T. A. Trappe, R. D. Starling, B. Goodpaster, S. W. Trappe, W. J. Fink, D. L. Costill. The influence of starch structure on glycogen resynthesis and subsequent cycling performance. Int. J. Sports Med. 17, no. 5 (1996): 373-378.
  41. Noakes, M., P. M. Clifton, P. J. Nestel, R. Le Leu and G. McIntosh. Effect of High-Amylose Starch and Oat Bran on Metabolic Variables and Bowel Function in Subjects with Hypertriglyceridemia. Am J Clin Nutr. 64, no. 6 (1996): 944-51.
  42. Alles, M. S., M. B. Katan, J. M. Salemans, K. M. Van Laere, M. J. Gerichhausen, M. J. Rozendaal and F. M. Nagengast. Bacterial Fermentation of Fructooligosaccharides and Resistant Starch in Patients with an Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 66, no. 5 (1997): 1286-92.
  43. Emery, E. A., S. Ahmad, J. D. Koethe, A. Skipper, S. Perlmutter, D. L. Paskin. Banana flakes control diarrhea in enterally fed patients. Nutr Clin Pract. 12, no. 2 (1997) 72-75.
  44. Silvester, K. R., S. A. Bingham, J. R. Pollock, J. H. Cummings and I. K. O’Neill. Effect of Meat and Resistant Starch on Fecal Excretion of Apparent N-Nitroso Compounds and Ammonia from the Human Large Bowel. Nutr Cancer. 29, no. 1 (1997): 13-23.
  45. Champ, M.M.J., C. Molis, B. Flourie, F. Bornet, P. Pellier, P. Colonna, J-P. Galmiche, J-C Rambaud. Small-intestinal digestion of partially resistant cornstarch in healthy subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 68 (1998): 705-710.
  46. Giacco, R., G. Clemente, F. Brighenti, M. Mancini, A. D’Avanzo, S. Coppola, G. Ruffa, G. LaSorella, A. M. Rivieccio, A. A. Rivellese and G. Riccardi. Metabolic Effects of Resistant Starch in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Nutr Metab. 11, no. 6 (1998): 330-335.
  47. Heijnen, M. L., J. M. van Amelsvoort, P. Deurenberg and A. C. Beynen. Limited Effect of Consumption of Uncooked (RS2) or Retrograded (RS3) Resistant Starch on Putative Risk Factors for Colon Cancer in Healthy Men. Am J Clin Nutr. 67, no. 2 (1998): 322-31.
  48. Hylla, S., A. Gostner, G. Dusel, H. Anger, H. P. Bartram, S. U. Christl, H. Kasper, and W. Scheppach. Effects of resistant starch on the colon in healthy volunteers: possible implications for cancer prevention. Am J Clin Nutr. 67, no. 1 (1998):136-42.
  49. Jenkins, D. J., V. Vuksan, C. W. Kendall, P. Wursch, R. Jeffcoat, S. Waring, C. C. Mehling, E. Vidgen, L. S. Augustin and E. Wong. Physiological Effects of Resistant Starches on Fecal Bulk, Short Chain Fatty Acids, Blood Lipids and Glycemic Index. J Am Coll Nutr. 17, no. 6 (1998): 609-16.
  50. Langkilde, A.M., H. Ekwall, I. Bjorck, N-G . Asp, H. Andersson. Retrograded high-amylose corn starch reduces cholic acid excretion from the small bowel in ileostomy subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr. 52 (1998): 790-795.
  51. Marchini J. S., N. Faisant, M. Champ, S. Ranganathan, C. Azoulay, M.F. Kergueris, H. Piloquet, M. Krempf. Effects of an acute raw resistant potato starch supplement on postprandial glycemia, insulinemia, lipemia in healthy adults. Nutr Res. 18, no. 7 (July 1998); 1135-1145.
  52. Hoebler, C., A. Karinthi, H. Chiron, M. Champ and J. L. Barry. Bioavailability of Starch in Bread Rich in Amylose: Metabolic Responses in Healthy Subjects and Starch Structure. Eur J Clin Nutr. 53, no. 5 (1999): 360-6.
  53. Jenkins, D.J.A., V. Vuksan, A.V. Rao, E. Vidgen, C.W.C. Kendall, N. Tariq, P. Wursch, B. Koellreutter, N. Shiwnarain, R. Jeffcoat. Colonic bacterial activity and serum lipid risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Metabolism. 48, no. 2 (1999): 264-268.
  54. Ahmed, R., I. Segal, H. Hassan. Fermentation of dietary starch in humans. Am J Gastroenterol. 95, no. 4 (2000): 1017-1020.
  55. Ramairishna BS, Venkataraman S, Srivivasan P, Dash P, Young GP, and Binder HJ. Amylase-resistant starch plus oral rehydration solution for cholera. New Eng J Med. 342, no. 5 (2000):308-13.
  56. Vonk, Roel J, Renate E Hagedoorn, Rynate de Graaff, Henk Elzinga, Saskia Tabak, Yue-Xin Yang and Frans Stellaard. Digestion of So-Called Resistant Starch Sources in the Human Small Intestine. Am J Clin Nutr. 72, no. 2 (2000): 432-438.
  57. Grubben, M. J., C. C. van den Braak, M. Essenberg, M. Olthof, A. Tangerman, M. B. Katan and F. M. Nagengast. Effect of Resistant Starch on Potential Biomarkers for Colonic Cancer Risk in Patients with Colonic Adenomas: A Controlled Trial. Dig Dis Sci. 46, no. 4 (2001): 750-6.
  58. Rabbani GH, Teka T, Zaman B, Majid N, Khatun M, Fuchs GJ. Clinical studies in persistent diarrhea: Dietary management with green banana or pectin in Bangladeshi children. Gastroenterology. 121, no. 3 (2001): 554-560.
  59. Anderson, G. H., N. L. Catherine, D. M. Woodend and T. M. Wolever. Inverse Association between the Effect of Carbohydrates on Blood Glucose and Subsequent Short-Term Food Intake in Young Men. Am J Clin Nutr. 76, no. 5 (2002): 1023-30.
  60. Behall, K. M. and J. Hallfrisch. Plasma Glucose and Insulin Reduction after Consumption of Breads Varying in Amylose Content. Eur J Clin Nutr. 56, no. 9 (2002): 913-20.
  61. Behall, K. M., J. C. Howe and R. A. Anderson. Apparent Mineral Retention Is Similar in Control and Hyperinsulinemic Men after Consumption of High Amylose Cornstarch. J Nutr. 132, no. 7 (2002): 1886-91.
  62. Langkilde, A. M., M. Champ, H. Andersson. Effects of high-resistant-starch banana flour (RS2) on in vitro fermentation and the small-bowel excretion of energy, nutrients, and sterols: an ileostomy study. Am J Clin Nutr. 75, no. 1 (2002):104-111.
  63. Reader DM, O’Connell BS, Johnson ML and Franz M. Glycemic and Insulinemic Response of Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes after Consumption of Three Energy Bars. J Am Diet Assoc. 102, no. 8 (2002): 1139-42.
  64. Schwiertz, A., U. Lehmann, G. Jacobasch, M. Blaut. Influence of resistant starch on the SCFA production and cell counts of butyrate-producing Eubacterium spp. in the human intestine. J Appl Microbiol. 93, no. 1 (2002): 157-162.
  65. van Gorkom BAP, Karrenbeld A, van der Sluis T, Zwart N, van der Meer R, de Vries EGE, Kleibeuker JH. Calcium or resistant starch does not affect colonic epithelial cell proliferation throughout the colon in adenoma patients: a randomized controlled trial. Nutr Cancer. 43, no. 1 (2002): 31-8.
  66. Wacker, M., P. Wanek, E. Eder, S. Hylla, A. Gostner and W. Scheppach. Effect of Enzyme-Resistant Starch on Formation of 1,N(2)-Propanodeoxyguanosine Adducts of Trans-4-Hydroxy-2-Nonenal and Cell Proliferation in the Colonic Mucosa of Healthy Volunteers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 11, no. 9 (2002): 915-20.
  67. Kendall, C. W. C., D. J. A. Jenkins, A. Emam. Assessment of resistant starch tolerance: a dose response study. Abstract presented at 9th European Nutrition Conference, October 1-4, 2003, Rome Italy.
  68. Mathers, J. C., I. Mickleburgh, P. C. Chapman, D. T. Bishop, J. Burn and Study Concerted Action Polyp Prevention. Can Resistant Starch and/or Aspirin Prevent the Development of Colonic Neoplasia? The Concerted Action Polyp Prevention (Capp) 1 Study. Proc Nutr Soc. 62, no. 1 (2003): 51-7.
  69. Robertson MD, Currie JM, Morgan LM, Jewell DP and Frayn KN. Prior Short-Term Consumption of Resistant Starch Enhances Postprandial Insulin Sensitivity in Healthy Subjects. Diabetologia. 46, no. 5 (2003): 659-65.
  70. Bouhnik, Y., L. Raskine, G. Simoneau, E. Vicaut, C. Neut, B. Flourie, F. Brouns, F. R. Bornet. The capacity of nondigestible carbohydrates to stimulate fecal bifidobacteria in healthy humans: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, dose-response relation study. Am J Clin Nutr. 80, no. 6 (2004): 1658-1664.
  71. Higgins, J. A., D. R. Higbee, W. T. Donahoo, I. L. Brown, M. L. Bell and D. H. Bessesen. Resistant Starch Consumption Promotes Lipid Oxidation. Nutr Metab (Lond). 1, no. 1 (2004): 8.
  72. Muir, J. G., E. G. Yeow, J. Keogh, C. Pizzey, A. R. Bird, K. Sharpe, K. O’Dea and F. A. Macrae. Combining Wheat Bran with Resistant Starch Has More Beneficial Effects on Fecal Indexes Than Does Wheat Bran Alone. Am J Clin Nutr. 79, no. 6 (2004): 1020-8.
  73. Park, O. J., N. E. Kang, M. J. Chang, W. K. Kim. Resistant starch supplementation influences blood lipid concentrations and glucose control in overweight subjects. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 50 no. 2 (2004): 9309.
  74. Rabbani GH, Teka T, Saha SK, Zaman B, Majid N, Khatun M, Wahed MA, Fuchs GJ. Green Banana and Pectin Improve Small Intestinal Permeability and Reduce Fluid Loss in Bangladeshi Children with Persistent Diarrhea. Dig Dis Sci. 49, no. 3 (2004): 475-484.
  75. Symonds, E. L., S. Kritas, T. I. Omari, R. N. Butler. A combined 13CO2/H2 breath test can be used to assess starch digestion and fermentation in humans. J Nutr. 134, no. 5 (2004): 1193-1196.
  76. Behall, K. M. and D. J. Scholfield. Food Amylose Content Affects Postprandial Glucose and Insulin Responses. Cereal Chem. 82, no. 6 (2005): 654-659.
  77. Fernandes G, A. Velangi, T.M.S. Wolever. Glycemic index of potatoes commonly consumed in North America. J Am Diet Assoc. 105 (2005): 557-562.
  78. Magee E. A., L. M. Edmond, S. M. Tasker, S. C. Kong, R. Curno, and J. H. Cummings. Associations between diet and disease activity in ulcerative colitis patients using a novel method of data analysis. Nutr J. 4, no. 7 (2005).
  79. Robertson MD., Bickerton AS, Dennis AL, Vidal H and Frayn KN. Insulin-Sensitizing Effects of Dietary Resistant Starch and Effects on Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue Metabolism. Am J Clin Nutr. 82, no. 3 (2005): 559-67.
  80. Weickert M. O., M. Mohlig, C. Koebnick, J. J. Holst, P. Namsolleck, M. Ristow, M. Osterhoff, H. Rochlitz, N. Rudovich, J. Spranger, A. F. H. Pfeiffer. Impact of cereal fibre on glucose-regulating factors. Diabetologia. 48, no. 11 (2005): 2343-2353.
  81. Yamada, Y., S. Hosoya, S. Nishimura, t. Tanaka, Y. Kajimoto, A. Nishimura, O. Kajimoto. Effect of bread containing resistant starch on postprandial blood glucose levels in humans. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 69, no. 3 (2005): 559-66.
  82. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield and J. Hallfrisch. Whole-Grain Diets Reduce Blood Pressure in Mildly Hypercholesterolemic Men and Women. J Am Diet Assoc. 106, no. 9 (2006): 1445-9.
  83. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield and J. G. Hallfrisch. Barley Β-Glucan Reduces Plasma Glucose and Insulin Responses Compared with Resistant Starch in Men. Nutr Res (New York, N.Y.). 26, no. 12 (2006): 644-650.
  84. Behall, K. M., D. J. Scholfield, J. G. Hallfrisch and H. G. Liljeberg-Elmstahl. Consumption of Both Resistant Starch and Beta-Glucan Improves Postprandial Plasma Glucose and Insulin in Women. Diabetes Care. 29, no. 5 (2006): 976-81.
  85. Brighenti, F., L. Benini, D. Del Rio, C. Casiraghi, N. Pellegrini, F. Scazzina, D. J. Jenkins and I. Vantini. Colonic Fermentation of Indigestible Carbohydrates Contributes to the Second-Meal Effect. Am J Clin Nutr. 83, no. 4 (2006): 817-22.
  86. Raghupathy, P., B. S. Ramakrishna, S. P. Oommen, M.S. Ahmed, G. Priyaa, J. Dziura, G.P. Young, H. J. Binder. Amylase-resistant starch as adjunct to oral rehydration therapy in children with diarrhea J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 42, no. 4 (2006): 362-8.
  87. So, P.-W., W.S. Yu, J.D. Bell and G. Frost. Anti-Adipogenic Effects of a Diet High in Resistant Starch. Proc Intl Soc Mag Reson Med. 14 (2006):475.
  88. Brouns, Fred, Eva Arrigoni, Anna Maria Langkilde, Inge Verkooijen, Caroline Fässler, Henrik Andersson, Bernd Kettlitz, Michiel van Nieuwenhoven, Henriette Philipsson and Renato Amadò. Physiological and Metabolic Properties of a Digestion-Resistant Maltodextrin, Classified as Type 3 Retrograded Resistant Starch. J Agric Food Chem. 55, no. 4 (2007): 1574-1581.
  89. De Preter, V., L. Cloetens, P. Rutgeerts and K. Verbeke. Influence of Resistant Starch Alone or Combined with Wheat Bran on Gastric Emptying and Protein Digestion in Healthy Volunteers. Scand J Gastroenterol. 42, no. 10 (2007): 1187-1193.
  90. Larkin, T. A., W. E. Price and L. B. Astheimer. Increased Probiotic Yogurt or Resistant Starch Intake Does Not Affect Isoflavone Bioavailability in Subjects Consuming a High Soy Diet. Nutrition. 23, no. 10 (2007): 709-18.
  91. Quílez, J., M. Bulló and J. Salas-Salvadó. Improved Postprandial Response and Feeling of Satiety after Consumption of Low-Calorie Muffins with Maltitol and High-Amylose Corn Starch. J Food Sci. 72, no. 6 (2007): S407-S411.
  92. Storey, D., A. Lee, F. Bornet and F. Brouns. Gastrointestinal Responses Following Acute and Medium Term Intake of Retrograded Resistant Maltodextrins, Classified as Type 3 Resistant Starch. Eur J Clin Nutr. 61, (2007): 1262-1270.
  93. Zhang, W. Q., H. W. Wang, Y. M. Zhang and Y. X. Yang. Effects of Resistant Starch on Insulin Resistance of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 41, no. 2 (2007): 101-4.  The article is in Chinese.
  94. Abell G. C. J., C. M.  Cooke, C. N. Bennett, M. A. Conlon, A. L. McOrist. Phylotypes related to Ruminococcus bromii are abundant in the large bowel of humans and increase in response to a diet high in resistant starch. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 66, no. 3 (2008): 505-15.
  95. Burn, J., D. T. Bishop, J. P. Mecklin, F. Macrae, G. Moslein, S. Olschwang, M. L. Bisgaard, R. Ramesar, D. Eccles, E. R. Maher, L. Bertario, H. J. Jarvinen, A. Lindblom, D. G. Evans, J. Lubinski, P. J. Morrison, J. W. Ho, H. F. Vasen, L. Side, H. J. Thomas, R. J. Scott, M. Dunlop, G. Barker, F. Elliott, J. R. Jass, R. Fodde, H. T. Lynch, J. C. Mathers and CAPP Investigators. Effect of Aspirin or Resistant Starch on Colorectal Neoplasia in the Lynch Syndrome. N Engl J Med. 359, no. 24 (2008): 2567-78.
  96. Cloetens, L., V. De Preter, H. De Loor, P. Rutgeerts and K. Verbeke. Does the Biomarker 15n-Lactose Ureide Allow to Estimate the Site of Fermentation of Resistant Starch? Eur J Nutr. 47, no. 4 (2008): 217-223.
  97. Kokke, F. T. M. , P. A. M. J. Scholtens, M. S. Alles, T. S. Decates, T. J. W. Fiselier, J. J. M. Tolboom, J. L. L. Kimpen and M. A. Benninga. A Dietary Fiber Mixture Versus Lactulose in the Treatment of Childhood Constipation: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 47, no. 5 (2008): 592-7.
  98. Lasrado, J. A., M. L. Stewart, J. Slavin, D. A. Savaiano and C. H. Nakatsu. Effect of Resistant Starch on the Bifidobacterial Community of Healthy Adults. FASEB J. 22, no. 1_MeetingAbstracts (2008): 896.4. Conference abstract.
  99. Nilsson, A. C., E. M. Ostman, J. J. Holst, and I. M. E. Bjorck. Including indigestible carbohydrates in the evening meal of healthy subjects improves glucose tolerance, lowers inflammatory markers, and increases satiety after a subsequent standardized breakfast. J Nutr. 138 (2008): 732-9.
  100. Ramakrishna BS, Subramanian V, Mohan V, Sebastian BK, Young GP, Farthing MJ, and Binder HJ. A randomized controlled trial of glucose versus amylase resistant starch hypo-osmolar oral rehydration solution for adult acute dehydrating diarrhea. PLoS ONE. 3 no. 2 (2008): e1587.
  101. Alam, N. H., S. Islam, S. Sattar, S. Monira and J. F. Desjeux. Safety of Rapid Intravenous Rehydration and Comparative Efficacy of 3 Oral Rehydration Solutions in the Treatment of Severely Malnourished Children with Dehydrating Cholera. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 48, no. 3 (2009): 318-27.
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